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Back Issues

Pambazuka News 326: Robbing Peter to pay Paul: the Mo Ibrahim prize

The authoritative electronic weekly newsletter and platform for social justice in Africa

Pambazuka News (English edition): ISSN 1753-6839

Pambazuka News is the authoritative pan African electronic weekly newsletter and platform for social justice in Africa providing cutting edge commentary and in-depth analysis on politics and current affairs, development, human rights, refugees, gender issues and culture in Africa.

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CONTENTS: 1. Action alerts, 2. Features, 3. Comment & analysis, 4. Books & arts, 5. Letters & Opinions, 6. Blogging Africa, 7. Emerging powers in Africa Watch, 8. Zimbabwe update, 9. African Union Monitor, 10. Women & gender, 11. Human rights, 12. Refugees & forced migration, 13. Elections & governance, 14. Development, 15. Health & HIV/AIDS, 16. Education, 17. LGBTI, 18. Environment, 19. Land & land rights, 20. Media & freedom of expression, 21. News from the diaspora, 22. Conflict & emergencies, 23. Internet & technology, 24. Fundraising & useful resources, 25. Courses, seminars, & workshops

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Highlights from this issue

FEATURES: Issa Shivji on the misguided Mo Ibrahim prize
COMMENT & ANALYSIS:
- Horace Campbell considers neoliberalism in Mozambique
- John Samuel on the myth of micro finance and micro politics
- Grace Kwinjeh calls for a dismantling of patriarchy in the MDC
- Wanjiku Wa Ngugi, Mukoma Wa Ngugi and Nducu Wa Ngugi give 10 reasons to read “A flowering evil” in Vanity Fair.
BLOGGING AFRICA: Review of African Blogs by Sokari Ekine
BOOKS & ARTS: Remebering Biafra – a review by Chiomah OruhACTION ALERTS: SHURO-Net (Somaliland): Illegal assembly held
ZIMBABWE UPDATE: Mbeki-led mediation talks called off
AU MONITOR: Selome Araya provides a weekly round up of AU Monitor activities, while Hakima Abbas reports on the actions around CSO audit of the African Union
WOMEN AND GENDER: Breaking the cycle of adolescent pregnancy
CONFLICT AND EMERGENCIES: Ugandan rebels want ICC charges dropped
HUMAN RIGHTS: Shocking details of torture of Botswana’s bushmen
REFUGEES AND FORCED MIGRATION: DRC’s camps threatened by cholera
ELECTIONS AND GOVERNANCE: South Sudan may pull deputies from parliament
AFRICA AND CHINA: China’s influence in Africa – from a Chinese perspective
DEVELOPMENT: The Brain Drain: Africa staffs the West
HEALTH AND HIV/Aids: Major rise in XDR-TB predicted in South Africa
EDUCATION: Internet’s contribution to development
LGBTI: UN to host LGBT rights panel
ENVIRONMENT: Conservationists applaud Uganda
LAND & LAND RIGHTS: Land redistribution moves to the front-burner in South Africa
MEDIA AND FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION: Swazi media face media council bill threat
NEWS FROM THE DIASPORA: Another member of Haiti’s Lavalas party kidnapped
INTERNET AND TECHNOLOGY: ICT no longer a luxury for Africa
PLUS: e-newsletters and mailings lists; courses, seminars and workshops, and jobs

*Pambazuka News now has a Del.icio.us page, where you can view the various websites that we visit to keep our fingers on the pulse of Africa! Visit http://del.icio.us/pambazuka_news



Action alerts

Somaliland: Governmentally-backed illegal extraordinary general assembly

Mubarik Ibrahim Aar

2007-10-30

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/action/44059

SHURO-NET PUBLIC STATEMENT

Governmentally-backed illegal extraordinary general assembly

An illegally conducted extraordinary general assembly claiming to represent Somaliland Human Rights Organisations Network (SHURO-net) was conducted on Thursday 24th October in Ambassador Hotel.




Features

The Mo Ibrahim Prize: Robbing Peter to pay Paul

Issa G Shivji

2007-11-01

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/features/44153

“Mo Ibrahim’s prize for a retired African president which was awarded to Joachim Chissano of Mozambique was in my view an insult to the African people.” Issa Shivji raises a number of questions around the award such as how and what is “good governance” and why is it only applied to Africa? And most importantly “for which and whose democracy they are getting a prize”.




Comment & analysis

Joaquim Chissano and the neo-liberal virus in Mozambique

Horace Campbell

2007-10-31

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/comment/44148

Since independence in 1975, the living conditions of the working people of Mozambique have deteriorated considerably. In 2007 the quality of life of the majority of citizens remains very poor. Mozambique ranks 168th out of 190 on UNDP’s Human Development Index (HDI), the lowest in Southern Africa. At the same time, there is a new class of rich capitalists in Maputo who live in luxury, says Horace Campbell.


The delusions of power: Beauty and the beast

John Samuel

2007-10-31

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/comment/44142

Everything small is beautiful these days. NGOs, busy with micro finance and micro politics for the poor, are small, beautiful -- and powerless. Meanwhile, the beast of markets and States can continue to dominate macro economics and politics. This neat division into micro and macro sustains the unjust power relationships that perpetuate impoverishment, inequality and injustice, says John Samuel


Dismantling Patriarchy in the MDC

Grace Kwinjeh

2007-10-31

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/comment/44143

Grace Kwinjeh argues that unless the MDC is prepared to “dismantle the exhausted patriarchal model of liberation” the new Zimbabwe will simply be a continuation of the old albeit with different faces.




Books & arts

Remembering Biafra: A literary review

Chioma Oruh

2007-10-31

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/books/44150

In the quest of understanding the causations of the Nigerian Civil War (1967-1970), otherwise known as the Biafran war, I stumbled upon an interview with Chinua Achebe, a prolific Igbo writer that is best known his book Things Fall Apart (1958) that has earned over twenty honorary doctorates and several international literary prize.[1]


Africa: The African Union: Challenges of Globalization, Security and Governance

2007-11-01

http://tinyurl.com/yuyt93

A comprehensive examination of the work of the African Union (AU), with special emphasis on its capacity to meet the challenges of building and sustaining governance institutions and security mechanisms. Samual Makinda and F. Wafula Okumu show how Africa and, in particular, the AU can effectively address the challenges of building and sustaining governance institutions and security mechanisms only if they have strategic leadership. They also analyze current debates on, and criticisms of, leadership in Africa and examines key options for overcoming the constraints that African leaders face.




Letters & Opinions

Top Ten Reasons to Read Vanity Fair’s Article - A Flowering Evil

Wanjiku Wa Ngugi, Mukoma Wa Ngugi and Nducu Wa Ngugi

2007-10-31

http://www.vanityfair.com/politics/features/2006/08/joanroot200608

In the essay, A Flowering Evil, by Mark Seal that appeared in Vanity Fair Magazine (2006), we learn that there are two types of people living in Kenya — the White landowners and the Black, 'lawless, immigrant' Kenyans. Earlier this year it was announced that Julia Roberts will star in a movie to be shot in 2008 inspired by this essay. Wanjiku Wa Ngugi, Mukoma Wa Ngugi and Nducu Wa Ngugi deeply believe Kenyan White landowners should speak for themselves. Using direct quotes, they offer you the top ten reasons why you should read the full essay.




Blogging Africa

Review of African Blogs

Sokari Ekine

2007-10-30

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/blog/44058

Oro, Gbenga Sesan’s blog reports from the Africa Connect conference behind held in Kigali Rwanda. The statistics on Africa’s internet usage and broadband take up is clearly depressing and there is an urgent need for governments to take action as Gbenga writes:

“the two-day event has the opportunity of bringing to the fore, the need for urgent action in meeting Africa’s connectivity needs. The present story is clearly sad — less thank 4% of Africans currently use the internet, and broadband penetration is below 1%! — but with some political will from the governments, innovative business models from the private sector, sustainable and bottom-up action from the civil society, targeted and collaborative research by the academia, news emphasis on the urgency of the task by the media and cooperation (the sincere form, not the usual pity party) from the international community, Africa will be well on its way out of this embarrassing situation”
$3billion has been pledged so far towards connectivity in Africa but as Gbenga states, will he and others walk away from this conference like all the others only to repeat the same words 6 months down the line in yet another conference?

My Private Cashbah writes in favour of socialised medical care in the United States. She compares her medical situation to that of fellow New Orleans blogger who also has cancer. Unlike Bint who has the benefit of medical insurance, “As the Tumor Turns” does not and relies on the public hospital system.

“I'm privileged. I have healthcare coverage. I've had it for several years now. Lymphopo does not. So, while I am able to go to whatever hospital I need in order to get prompt treatment, she has to wait months just to have a basic mammogram at the local public (i.e. free) hospital. I go to see my doctors and if they want me to be seen by another doc or have some kind of test done, as long as it's fairly early in the day, all they have to do is make a single phone call and the hospital will have that other department squeeze me in that day so that I don't have to make a second trip.

At the public hospital, even if she has had all of her tests done by the time her next doctor's appointment is scheduled, if for some reason the test results aren't back or have been misplaced (something that happens with frightening frequency), she can sit there for the hours it takes to go through the check-in procedure only to be told that there isn't anything they can do about it except reschedule her appointment--for another few months later. I know. I've been a patient there.”

Diary of a Mad Kenyan Woman find herself between a rock and hard place as on the one hand she is tired of “being from the begging bowl people” and the “peculiarly distorting effects of the aid industry”. However as she clearly points out. The “rock” - Kenya is on the verge of elections yet
“our considered response is to regress into ethnic factions whose rhetoric is so predictable as to be actively boring”

On the other hand – the hard place....

“Here’s the problem, though. The part of me that dearly wants to tell the patronising, condescending, pitying, self-indulgent, largely ignorant and frankly annoying western do-gooders that they can shove their plans and projects up the nearest sweet-spot is forced to stop and recognise that I am not about to go and build a school in any rural community anywhere in Africa anytime soon. There we have it: I am not about to do it, and I am not planning on doing it, and they—aforementioned condescending, pitying, etc.-- are. Were I a mother with school-age children in one of these communities targeted by the aid industry, then, what would be more compelling for me—a principled objection by a fellow-African who makes much more money than me but isn’t inclined to share it, or a scheme to build clinics, schools and etc. proposed by foreigners who moreover have the money to back it up? This is not rocket science: principled objections do not pay rents or school feels, ever. Choosing between my principled zero dollars, and the patronising million dollars doesn’t even take a second’s thought—Show Me The Money.”

Egyptian Chronicles takes issue with this year’s annual celebration of the Battle of Alamein as all the “usual representatives of Allies and axis countries” attended the event. She is more concerned with those people living today that are suffering from the consequences of WWII namely the landmine victims

“Yes I am talking about the Land Mines victims in Egypt specifically the victims of land mines in the western desert , the place of Alamein battle.
Both parties in the war planted thousands even millions of land mines in our desert during the great war after all it is not there land and it did not and it does still cost anything , you can plant a land mine for 100 $ but if you want to demine a land mine from a specific area you have to pay thousand of dollars , the thing that would be very costly to a country like Egypt , not to mention the advance equipments for demining may not be available to us.
For decades now Egypt has paid a lot from these land mines alone and she has paid heavily till now for decades whether from humanly or economic
Hundred thousands of Egyptians who live in the western desert were either killed or injured badly and suffered till the end of their lives and nobody cared for them ,generations after generations suffered and are still suffering from those hell pieces under their own land.”

Kid’s Doc in Jos comments on the BBC report “HIV Treatment Failing in Africa” and asks readers if they agree pointing out some facts about HIV treatment
“is it a “failure” that 61% of patients are alive and continuing treatment after two years in a program taking antiretroviral (anti-HIV) drugs?

“The study includes reports published between 2000 and 2007. Do the results take into account any changes in during that time? That is, are programs more or less effective now than they were 10 years ago? Is there enough information to know? Again, I haven’t read it yet but it’s a good question to consider as you read.

No Longer At Ease is furious over the report that a French charity took it upon themselves to kidnap 100 children from Darfur and hand them over to French families.

“The people who did this will eventually be freed, France will interfere on their behalf saying that the whole thing was a well intentioned misunderstanding (and perhaps pay some money). The "charity" will also have many chances to repeat the same in other poor African countries. This what the French human rights minister had to say about:
I can understand the families, the French families who wanted to save children. But I don't understand why an association decided, alone, to bring them to Paris. That's why we completely disapprove of this initiative.
What? this is not an "initiative" and the French families didn't want save the children, this is simply criminal. This time they caught it, but I can help but wonder if there has been successful attempts before.

The kids were obviously Muslims but were going to be sold to non-Muslim families, adding to the gravity of what might have been waiting for these poor kids.This is a sad, but expected, climax to the "adopting an African child" fashion in the West.”

One does wonder if this is a first or something that has been taking place over the past months or even years. The audacity and arrogance not to speak of the illegality of removing children against their will and their community. The charity in question should have its status removed and surely there has been a crime committed here that the French courts can prosecute?

Andile Mngxitama writing on Black Looks considers how important and significant the recent world cup victory by the South African Rugby team the Springboks. Looking at the victory, Andile sees it as a victory against transformation, and a victory of the acceptance of the abnormal as normal in South Africa.

"The national rugby team in its compositions and victories is a perfect metaphor for our country and the place of blacks in it. We cheer for our defeat from the touchlines. Imagine if you knew nothing about SA and watched the world cup on TV, you would be forgiven for thinking that actually we are a white country which has the accident of having a smiling black president.
“South Africa is a white country populated a by an impotent invisible black majority. I wonder what other African countries think about us? And the black Diaspora? What do they think about it? Since 1994, our Rugby team could only produce two black players for the national team. Incredible!
But there is also another element in the picture which can be now be more clearly seen, ours is a country which thrives on superficiality and a devastating lack of a perspective which is centred on the valorisation and well being of blacks. Blacks in this country want to celebrates their “own goals”, to borrow from a sporting metaphor. We are perhaps one of the few peoples on earth who believe we can derive freedom from placating those who stubbornly refuse to give up any of their ill begotten privileges and power. Are we blacks not asking for the contempt of whites, when we fail to exercise the massive political power we currently wield to change things around? But more importantly are we doing posterity a favour?

Just how superficial our so called commitment to transformation is was displayed in the build up to the finals when the Bokke victory was almost certain. Our president apparently told Jake White “forget the politics and win it”, White says that was a “big statement”. Hereby a mandate was given against transformation. The Young Communist League an outfit which purports to be pro poor, also wanted a piece of the cake, they simply anointed the team “Comrade Bokke”.


* Sokari Ekine is online editor of Pambzuka News and author of Black Looks blog: www.blacklooks.org

* Please send comments to [email protected] or comment online at www.pambazuka.org




Emerging powers in Africa Watch

Africa: Chinese influence in Africa: a Chinese perspective

2007-11-02

http://www.eurodad.org/uploadedFiles/Whats_New/Reports/Kinarapport_A4.pdf

This report published by the European Network on Debt and Development examines China’s role as a donor in Africa. It explores Chinese views on such issues, including their response to concerns expressed about the increased cooperation with Africa. The authors argue that China’s assistance to and cooperation with Africa is changing the rules of the game and threatens to leave by the wayside those governments, institutions and organisations which do not act strategically . Possible ways forward are proposed:




Zimbabwe update

Zimbabwe: Mbeki led mediation talks called-off

2007-11-02

http://www.swradioafrica.com/news011107/mbeki011107.htm

Mediation talks between the ruling Zanu-PF party and the opposition MDC have been postponed temporarily, dealing a new setback to efforts to find a lasting solution to the country’s crippling economic and political crisis. The Thabo Mbeki led talks were called off on Wednesday night due to the death of Patrick Chinamasa’ son, who was reportedly studying at a college in Michigan, United States. A source told Newsreel from Johannesburg that Chinamasa’s son, who was 23 years old, died in his sleep on Wednesday, the day the talks resumed in Pretoria after a month long break.


Zimbabwe: Blowing away the rhetorical smokescreeens

2007-11-02

http://www.zeleza.com/blogging/african-affairs/blowing-away-rhetorical-smokescreeens-zimbabwe

Mary Ndlovu presents some hard truths about life in Zimbabwe and questions those Pan Africanists who fall for Mugabe’s “anti-imperalist rhetoric”. She asks if there is hope? Yes there is but only if Pan Africanism is “turned on it’s head” and “seized by the people” away from leaders not just in Zimbabwe but across Africa who have consistently betrayed the people.




African Union Monitor

AU Monitor Weekly Roundup

Issue 110, 2007

Selome Araya

2007-11-02

http://www.aumonitor.org

This week's AU Monitor brings news and critical analysis of the African Union. An editorial from the Africa Agenda criticizes the "Grand Debate on the African Union" as failing to look at the challenges facing the formation of a united continental government or follow through with commitments. The analysis therefore concluded that " It is up to civil society groups, activists and other proponents of the Union Government of Africa to work towards the realisation of Africa's redeeming dream by putting pressure on the African Union and the Heads of state". In other AU-related news, a resolution put forth by leaders from Ghana and South Africa at the International Conference on Traditional Leaders urges the AU to establish a Forum of African Traditional Leadership as an organ of the AU.

In regional news, ECOWAS held its first business forum in Accra, Ghana, in an effort to develop strategies for improving regional business operations and greater regional integration. The intent of the forum was to devise strategic plans to develop a common market, improve investment, and address common currency issues. Further, ECOSOCC elections of civil society organizations are being held this week in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

In peace and security news, the AU/UN Deputy Joint Special Representative Designate updated the Peace and Security Council on preparations to deploy the AU/UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) . Further, addressing the pending Darfur peace talks in Lybia, AU Commission Chairperson Alpha Oumar Konare urged all Sudanese parties to "demonstrate the necessary spirit of compromise and extend full cooperation to the AU and the United Nations." However, the UN announced the postponement of the scheduled Darfur talks for three more weeks. It is hoped that during this time, more rebel chiefs will come to the table. In other security news, private military contractors (PMC's) pledge an attempt to improve security measures in Africa, something they claim the UN missions and state militaries have failed to accomplish. In food security news, the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) is encouraging policy-makers to recognize the benefits of using biofuel to increase food security and agricultural production in Africa.

In Pan-African news, at the conclusion of the 4 th meeting of the Ministerial Bureau of the 5th Pan-African conference in Namibia, African ministers pledged to improve governance and public administration on the continent. The ministers will present the African Public Service Charter to the AU, in hopes that it will be used as a standard for all countries to evaluate efficacy and ensure alignment in public service matters. Further, Ochieng' Ogodo reports on the need for 'good laboratory practice' in African labs in order to produce quality data, develop new medical drugs and technology, and improve product development initiatives.

In economic news, a group of German NGO's has taken a public stance against economic partnership agreements (EPA's), stating that the trade negotiations mostly benefit European corporations and harm the economy of local producers. Lastly, despite his country's long-lasting colonial ties in Africa, French President Nicolas Sarkozy's announced his attempts of "normalizing" France's relationship with Africa; however, it was acknowledged that there must first be a recognized shared interest in order for France to gain support in this initiative.


Peoples’ Audit Update

Hakima Abbas

2007-11-02

http://www.pambazuka.org/aumonitor/C13/

On the heels of the High Level Panel’s invitation for e-submissions, the AU Monitor urged African civil society and citizens to contribute to the process of a “Peoples’ Audit of the AU”. This week, the AU Monitor brings you the perspective of Charles Mutasa, AFRODAD Executive Director and Deputy Presiding Officer of ECOSOCC, which provides critique and analysis of ECOSOCC, along with a policy brief from AfriMap that provides recommendations for open, democratic and transparent AU policies and processes as well as a call from the Peoples’ Hurricane Relief Fund for the AU to increase its outreach, support and contribution to the African Diaspora.

Furthermore, heeding the call for a written submission before the completion of the panel’s first draft of their report, a joint preliminary civil society statement was formulated and endorsed by over twenty civil society organisations and coalitions working in over thirty countries. The high-level panel extended the days on which they were to convene, according to their working agenda, in order to hear the submission which was presented by a delegation of civil society representatives: myself, Hakima Abbas of Fahamu’s AU Monitor initiative, Eyob Balcha of Afroflag Youth Vision, Faiza Mohamed of Equality Now and the Solidarity for African Women’s Rights Coalition (SOAWR), and Alioune Tine of Recontre Africaine pour la Défense des Droits de l’Homme (RADDHO).

During the meeting, we delivered the joint statement and provided reference documentation, including, the CSO Accra communiqué and the executive summary of the report Towards a People-Driven African Union. The floor was then given to each civil society representative to elaborate on the recommendations of the statement based on their areas of expertise. Eyob Balcha delivered a statement from a youth perspective in which he recommended the creation of an AU institutional framework through which the participation of African youth is mainstreamed in continental decision-making processes, including the inclusion of youth representatives in national delegations; the creation of a permanent continental youth body responsible for engagement with sub-regional and national youth initiatives; and the practical implementation of the agreed decisions and provisions of the African Youth Charter.

Following Eyob’s presentation, Faiza Mohamed offered recommendations and insight to the panel from a gender perspective. She recommended that the Commission be provided a mandate to monitor and report on the implementation of AU decisions by member states and that the AU consider imposing sanctions on member states that do not deliver on their commitments to ratify and domesticate the AU/OAU protocols. Also, noting that the Women, Gender and Development Directorate (WGDD) is under-resourced and that it has been a year since the position of director of the Directorate remains vacant, she urged the review panel to investigate the effects of such a lack of leadership on programs. She also recommended that the fifty-fifty gender balance policy of the African Union be strictly and promptly implemented at the Commission and that Member States be urged to consider implementing this gender balance in its representation at the Permanent Representatives Committee and Executive Council of the African Union.

Lastly, Alioune Tine addressed the panel regarding the need for democratic participation and governance with in the African Union. He noted the difficulties civil society have had in accessing important information, in obtaining visas for participation in AU summits and other meetings and the lack of public spaces within the AU compound itself (comparing the space to the United Nations building). He sited as an example of lack of information that, despite his organisation being a member of ECOSOCC, he was unaware, until his arrival in Addis, of the continental elections taking place on Monday October 31st. He noted that an example of successful partnership between civil society and the AU was participation in the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights. However, he also noted that the criteria for observer status that requires organisations to be funded with a majority of resources derived from its membership is not realistic for most African NGOs. Finally, Alioune noted that the AU must take into further consideration geographic and linguistic spread in all its meetings so as to ensure that nobody is excluded based solely on our colonial experiences.

As the floor was opened to questions from the panel, further elaboration was requested and provided on access to information via the website, which we considered largely insufficient. For example, amendments to the consultative act are not available on the AU site and the ECOSOCC website is not up to date. In addition, it was noted that the media should have stronger interface with the AU so that information is popularised at the national level not just through the Internet (to which many do not have access) but also through TV, radio and print. The panel was reminded that the legitimacy of civil society is often based on a public mandate and that while we do not equate civil society with citizenry, we believe that a strong civil society interface with the AU will enable greater implementation of decisions at the national level. In addition, the panel were made aware of the public consultations that were held in ten countries in advance of the Accra summit that informed the CSO communiqué from Accra. In terms of ECOSOCC we brought attention to the fact that the Interim President of the General Assembly was not given official space to present her report at the last summit and that such disregard by Heads of States reflects badly on the potential policy influence of the council. More detail was presented regarding SOAWR activities and organisations as an example of how successful civil society engagement can push AU treaty processes forward and drive national implementation. In regard to the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights, we noted that there is a civil society coalition that has been very active in driving ratification and that complimentarity is needed vis a vis the protocol of the Court and the Commission – indeed, that it is necessary for there to be a thorough review of the complimentarity of treaties and protocols across the board. Lastly we remarked that civil society itself has taken the lead to strengthen our engagement with the AU, citing as an example that the AU Monitor was set up by a range of civil society organisations, though now led by Fahamu, to provide news, information and analysis to a broad range of organisations and citizens across Africa.

The Chairperson noted civil society’s commitment to engaging the audit process and reiterated that further documentation would be welcomed throughout the process. He also ensured us that the recommendations and ideas from civil society and citizens would be duly taken into account in the drafting processes.




Women & gender

Global: Breaking the Cycle of Adolescent Pregnancy

2007-11-01

http://www.unfpa.org/publications/detail.cfm?ID=346&filterListType=

Pregnancy- and childbirth-related complications are the number-one killers of 15-19 year old girls worldwide. This report highlights the issue of adolescent pregnancy among married and unmarried adolescent girls (10-19 year olds), especially those living in poverty. It draws attention to current trends, as well as the social, economic, and health consequences of adolescent pregnancy not only for the girls themselves, but for their families and countries.


West Africa: Girls' Adolescence in Burkina Faso: A Pivot Point for Social Change

2007-11-01

http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/BurkinaFaso_Girls.pdf

As closer attention is paid to the lives of adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, girls are found to be clearly disadvantaged, compared with their male counterparts. In Burkina Faso 74 percent of girls aged 15-19 cannot read (INSD and ORC Macro 2004).


Nigeria: Death of a Husband

Chinwe Azubuike

2007-11-01

http://africanpainters.blogspot.com/2006/10/chinwe-azubuike-death-of-husband.html

It is one of the greatest misfortunes that can befall a woman at any point in her life - to loose her husband. No matter the length of time she spent with him in matrimony, the grief and sorrow she experiences cannot be quantified.


Ghana: Permission for Domestic Violence: Marital Rape in Ghanaian Marriages

2007-11-01

http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1001701

On February 22, 2007, the Ghanaian Parliament passed the long awaited Domestic Violence Act (DV Act). Although the original bill specifically prohibited marital rape, parliament bowed to public pressure and removed the provision, leaving husbands free to rape their wives with impunity. Marital rape constitutes a violation of women's human rights. The Ghanaian parliament should act immediately to expressly make marital rape a crime, writes Nancy Kaymar Stafford in this forthcoming publication.


Sierra Leone:Mass rally in support of survivors of conflict's sexual violence

2007-11-01

http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/engafr510062007

At a mass rally held in Makeni in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone, Amnesty International members and hundreds of other local activists called on the newly elected government of Sierra Leone to commit to ensuring justice and full reparations for the tens of thousands of Sierra Leonean women who have been the victims of sexual violence.


Sudan: Women say Darfur peace won't work without them

2007-11-02

http://www.alertnet.org/db/blogs/20316/2007/10/1-171732-1.htm

The Darfur peace talks in Libya may have got off to a disappointing start with a boycott by key rebel factions. But activist Safaa Elagib Adam made sure she was there to push for better representation for women from the outset. As a veteran of the last round of talks in Abuja, the secretary general and gender adviser of the Khartoum-based Community Development Association knows she faces an uphill struggle. She was one of only four women representing civil society last weekend in Libya, and says there were no women on either the government or the rebel delegations.




Human rights

Botswana: Torture of Bushmen - shocking details

2007-11-02

http://www.survival-international.org/news/2572

Shocking new details have emerged of the torture and beating of a group of Bushmen in Kaudwane resettlement camp, Botswana. Fifteen men were arrested in late September for hunting, and at least ten of them were tortured. The incidents bring the total number of Bushmen arrested for hunting this year to 53. During this time the government has not issued them with a single permit to hunt on their land, despite Botswana’s High Court ruling in December that its refusal to issue permits was unlawful.


Rwanda: Don't send genocide suspects to Rwanda - AI

2007-11-02

http://africa.reuters.com/top/news/usnBAN224296.html

Amnesty International has urged governments not to send anyone suspected of crimes during Rwanda's 1994 genocide to be tried in the country, saying it had serious concerns over the justice system. The central African country wants suspects in the 100-day slaughter of 800,000 minority Tutsis and moderate Hutus to be transferred to its custody.


Africa: Western adoptions of African children 'are modern day slavery'

2007-11-02

http://tinyurl.com/2n2ddk

Wandia Njoya writes, I feel partially vindicated by the decision of authorities in Chad to charge six French nationals, members of the French humanitarian organization L’Arche de Zoe (Zoe’s Arc), with kidnapping of children from Chad destined for adoption in France. I wish the six faced a more serious charge such as child trafficking or slave trade (banned two centuries ago), but for now I’ll appreciate these charges as a minor victory.


Rwanda: UN Tribunal's most wanted still elusive

2007-11-02

http://www.ipsnews.net/africa/nota.asp?idnews=39868

Félicien Kabuga has a reward of several million dollars on his head, and tops the list of fugitives of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). Yet, he's managed to escape justice for years. The ICTR was set up in Arusha, northern Tanzania, by the United Nations in 1995 to bring high level perpetrators of the Rwandan genocide to justice. Between 800,000 and a million minority Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed in the Central African nation over a period of about 100 days in 1994.


North Africa: Genocide investigations into Morocco's Sahara occupation

2007-11-02

http://www.afrol.com/articles/27110

Top Spanish judge Baltasar Garzón has ordered the opening of an inquiry into allegations of genocide in the Moroccan-occupied territory of Western Sahara. The Western Saharan plaintiffs are also looking for accountability for the 542 Sahrawis that Morocco made "disappear" during the war with the Sahrawi pro-independence movement Polisario Front from 1975-1991, according to the group "Sahrawi Association of Victims of Grave Human Rights Violations Committed by the Moroccan State" (ASVDH).




Refugees & forced migration

DRC: Refugee camps threatened by cholera

2007-11-02

http://africa.reuters.com/top/news/usnBAN225021.html

A cholera outbreak in Congo's eastern city of Goma is raising fears of an epidemic among tens of thousands of refugees in camps, aid workers said on Thursday. Fighting between government soldiers, Tutsi insurgents, Rwandan Hutu rebels and local Mai Mai militia has forced more than 370,000 to flee villages in North Kivu province this year.


Sudan: Cease Darfur Camp Evictions

2007-11-01

http://hrw.org/english/docs/2007/10/31/darfur17213.htm

The government of Sudan’s recent forced relocation of civilians in South Darfur is a serious violation of international law and could be the prelude to new attempts to dismantle certain civilian camps, Human Rights Watch has warned. Sudan’s government should cease the relocation operation, immediately confirm the whereabouts and well-being of those who have been moved, and allow the African Union Mission in Sudan, the United Nations Mission in Sudan, and humanitarian agencies access to all displaced persons, whether they reside in camps or other locations in Darfur.


Somalia: UN official urges access for relief aid as tens of thousands flee fighting

2007-11-01

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=24498

As crisis worsens in Somalia, where 88,000 people fled their homes in recent days adding to a total displaced population nearly ten times that amount, the top United Nations humanitarian official there today called on all parties to facilitate access by aid workers to civilians in need of assistance.


Uganda: Across the airwaves comes reassurance to go home

2007-11-02

http://www.unhcr.org/news/NEWS/472609fa2.html

Still hale and hearty at 75, David Olanya takes a break from digging in his garden to explain his joy at getting a new home and plot of land, more than a decade after he was forced on the run by fighting between the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) and the Ugandan government. "We needed to move out and farm in our lands and produce our own food. That's why we are here," said Olanya, a father of five. It was the news that it's now safe to move around Gulu and Amuru districts in northern Uganda that prompted Olanya to leave Anaka camp for internally displaced people (IDP), a haven his family had called home for so long.


Chad: UNHCR gets eastern Chad's chiefs and officials talking

2007-11-02

http://www.unhcr.org/news/NEWS/47274f9d4.html

Talk your way out of tensions, that's the message the UN refugee agency conveyed in a recent workshop for community leaders and local authorities in strife-torn eastern Chad. Conflict resolution and peaceful co-existence were the key words in a three-day workshop supported by UNHCR, its partner Eirine and the Association Chefs Traditionnels du Tchad (ACTT) and held in Abéché University earlier this month.


Chad: Agencies help 103 abducted children

2007-11-02

http://www.unhcr.org/news/NEWS/4729fa172.html

The UN refugee agency and two key partners have been busy over the past week responding to the urgent needs of 103 young children caught up in an abduction scandal in the eastern Chad town of Abéché. The Chad authorities have detained and charged several Europeans, including members of the French aid agency Children Rescue/Zoe's Ark, in connection with the alleged abduction of the children, who are currently being looked after in Abéché's orphanage




Elections & governance

Sudan: South Sudan may pull deputies from parliament - VP

2007-11-02

http://africa.reuters.com/top/news/usnBAN225095.html

The government of south Sudan might pull its deputies out of the national parliament if Khartoum does not make more progress towards meeting southern demands, the vice president of the region said on Thursday. The southern Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) withdrew its ministers and presidential advisers from Khartoum two weeks ago, saying the central government had failed to carry out key parts of a north-south peace agreement, signed in 2005.


Western Sahara: Security Council extends UN’s mission through April 2008

2007-11-01

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=24488

The Security Council has extended through next April the mandate of the United Nations mission in Western Sahara (MINURSO), which has been in the Territory since 1991 to monitor the ceasefire between Morocco and the Frente Polisario. In a unanimously adopted resolution, the Council called on the parties “to continue to show political will and work in an atmosphere propitious for dialogue in order to engage in substantive negotiations.”


Togo: Court confirms ruling party victory in legislative poll

2007-11-02

http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=75065

Togo's Constitutional Court has confirmed that the ruling party won a majority in the 14 October election, after the main opposition party had contested the results, charging fraud. On 30 October the Court said the ruling Rally of the Togolese People party took 50 of 81 seats in the poll, seen as pivotal to the country's regaining favour with the international community after years of isolation.


Zimbabwe: Report: Mugabe ignores Mandela's plea to step down

2007-11-02

http://www.mg.co.za/articlePage.aspx?articleid=323880

Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe, in his 27th year of rule, is ignoring approaches from former South African president and Nobel Peace Prize winner Nelson Mandela to step down, reports have said. The usually reliable weekly Zimbabwe Independent, quoting unnamed sources, also said that former United Nations secretary general Kofi Annan had tried to meet with Mugabe to discuss his retirement, but he too had been ignored. No comment could be obtained from Mugabe's office.




Development

Africa: The Brain Drain: Africa staffs the West

2007-11-02

http://www.zeleza.com/blogging/u-s-affairs/brain-drain-africa-staffs-west

Africa is losing its brightest to the First World, writes David McFarlane. Less than 10% of doctors trained in Zambia since its independence in 1964 are still in the country: the other 90% have migrated, mainly to Europe and the United States. No less staggeringly, there are more Sierra Leonean-trained doctors in Chicago alone than in the country itself and cash-strapped Benin provides more medical professionals to France than there are in the whole of its own health system.


Africa: EPAs 'will destroy African economies'

2007-11-01

http://www.ipsterraviva.net/Europe/article.aspx?id=5376

The economic partnership agreements (EPAs), proposed by the European Union (EU) to African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries, constitute a "neo-colonial instrument" which will destroy the economic and social basis in African states, according to some German non-governmental organisations. European opponents of EPAs say that, in general, the trade negotiations between the EU and the ACP countries have been driven predominantly by European corporate interests and those of a few privileged business elites in ACP countries.


Côte d'Ivoire: Rebuilding lives in the aftermath of armed conflict

2007-11-01

http://www.unfpa.org/news/news.cfm?ID=1034

Eighteen-year-old Beatrice Kouado is bent over her paper pattern in concentration, painstakingly guiding the yellow thread back and forth in regular, even stitches as she learns the art of tailoring. Beatrice was one of the lucky ones selected for the training programme, after her father heard it on the radio.


Kenya: Project may boost biofuels in East Africa

2007-11-02

http://www.ipsnews.net/africa/nota.asp?idnews=39854

A new project to develop an integrated sugarcane facility in Kenya could be a boost for biofuels production in east Africa. The Ngima Project at Homa Bay on the shores of Lake Victoria (‘‘ngima’’ is the word for ‘‘life’’ in the local Luo language) is looking to foster a dual export and domestic system of sugarcane production, concentrating on both white sugar and biofuel production.


Africa: Macroeconomic policies should support the achievement of the MDGs - report

2007-11-02

http://www.undp-povertycentre.org/pub/IPCPolicyResearchBrief4.pdf

An alternative macroeconomic framework oriented towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Sub-Saharan Africa is known and feasible. Currently, the effects of neoliberal reforms have been counter-productive with non-intervention leading to increased volatility of nominal exchange rates. This report published by the IPC finds that In fact, inflation-targeting is particularly detrimental to expanding investment which helps accelerate growth and human development. Another major obstacle to effectively implementing MDG-based macroeconomic policies is the underdevelopment of financial institutions.




Health & HIV/AIDS

South Africa: Study predicts major rise in XDR-TB

2007-11-02

http://tinyurl.com/2of4cg

Without new interventions, cases of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) in rural South Africa will increase dramatically over the next five years, according to a study. The research was published last week (27 October) in The Lancet. The study, which modelled the effect of various infection control measures on the spread of XDR-TB in the rural community of Tugela Ferry in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, suggests that infection rates will increase from 194 cases in 2007 to an estimated average of 234 cases a year by 2012.


Zimbabwe: Government’s latest HIV/Aids statistics questioned

2007-11-02

http://www.swradioafrica.com/news011107/aidsstats011107.htm

Experts on HIV/Aids issues were on Thursday questioning the authenticity of recent figures released by government which suggested that epidemic’s prevalence rates were dropping. The government on Wednesday released new statistics that showed that the HIV/Aids prevalence rate has declined from 18,1 percent to 15,6 percent over the past four years. The Ministry of Health was quick to claim the “victory” as a “reflection of the unrelenting campaign by the government”.


Africa: Not enough research to treat TB-HIV properly, say experts

2007-11-02

http://www.health-e.org.za/news/article.php?uid=20031801

Health systems cannot properly diagnose, treat, or contain the co-epidemic of HIV and tuberculosis (TB) because not enough is known about how the two diseases interact. A report by leading global health experts warned that the largely “unnoticed collision” of the global epidemics of HIV and TB has exploded to create a deadly co-epidemic that is rapidly spreading in sub-Saharan Africa.


Africa: High risk groups equally important in early and advanced epidemics

2007-11-02

http://www.aidsmap.com/en/news/B879F58E-FBCF-4245-A92E-84F6477B17D9.asp

Multiple sex partners, sex for pay, and sexual coinfections (particularly genital herpes, or HSV-2) continue to act as major risk factors for HIV transmission in Africa, according to a systematic review of 68 separate epidemiological studies conducted over the past 20 years. The analysis, published in the October 2007 issue of PLoS One,, found that these factors have remained significant over time and have not declined in importance as HIV prevalence becomes higher in the general population.


Africa: The macroeconomic framework & the fight against HIV/AIDS

2007-11-02

http://www.afrodad.org/downloads/HIV%20Policy%20Brief%202007.pdf

This AFRODAD report highlights how HIV/AIDS has become a leading cause of death in the African continent. It not only constitutes a serious constraint to growth and stability of most African economies and societies, but has actually begun to destroy the hard-won development.


Africa: Are HIV/AIDS funds being used effectively in Mozambique, Uganda and Zambia?

2007-11-02

http://www.eldis.org/go/country-profiles&id=33808&type=Document

Donor funding for HIV/AIDS has skyrocketed in the last decade: from US$ 300 million in 1996 to US$ 8.9 billion in 2006; yet, little is understood about how these resources are being spent. This paper analyses the policies and practices of the world’s largest AIDS donors as they are applied in Mozambique, Uganda and Zambia.


Southern Africa: HIV-induced famine's impact on agriculture

2007-11-02

http://www.plusnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=75068

Hunger and HIV/AIDS are reinforcing each other in Southern Africa, "leading to a potentially tragic new level of famine", says a book published by a regional agricultural think-tank. The World Bank's annual report, released last week, also raises concerns over the pandemic's impact, pointing out that most people affected by HIV and AIDS depend on agriculture.




Education

Africa: Can internet in tertiary education contribute to social and economic development?

2007-11-01

http://ijedict.dec.uwi.edu/viewarticle.php?id=394

Poor internet connectivity is one of the serious underlying causes of the digital divide between developing and industrialized countries, and is hampering the transition to the global information society. The recent emergence of national and regional research and education data communication networks in parts of the developing world have shown large benefits arising from collaboration amongst tertiary education institutes, says Anna Bon of Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam.


Côte d'Ivoire: Educating children on the job

2007-11-02

http://www.ipsnews.net/africa/nota.asp?idnews=39604

Nibon Soro and Kartenin Silué, two children living in the Korhogo region of northern Côte d'Ivoire, should be in school. But, farm duties -- and their family's poverty -- stand in the way of education. The two, both under 10, drive the draught animals that help with ploughing. "We really want to go to school, but our father says that he doesn't have the money to educate us, and there is no-one to help him in the fields either," they told IPS.




LGBTI

Global: United Nations to host LGBT rights panel

2007-11-02

http://www.pinknews.co.uk/news/articles/2005-5889.html

Following the launch of the groundbreaking Yogyakarta Principles earlier this year, the United Nations will be hosting a panel discussion next month to explore discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. The event, which will bring together non-governmental organisations, UN representatives and state delegates, is an initiative co-sponsored by Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay.


Global: Prominent Ugandan activist Victor Mukasa joins IGLHRC

2007-11-01

http://www.frontlinedefenders.org/node/1200

The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC) welcomes prominent Ugandan activist Victor Juliet Mukasa as our new Research and Policy Associate for the Horn, East, and Central Africa.


Uganda: Ugandan lgbt form IDAHO chapter

2007-11-02

http://www.mask.org.za/article.php?cat=uganda&id=1737

Gay rights activists in Uganda have come together to create a Chapter of the International Day Against Homophobia (IDAHO) and take part in a landmark debate organised by Queer Youth Uganda. The climate for LGBT people in the country is extremely hostile, and attacks from the media, religious groups and the government are commonplace. Despite this, more than 100 activists and supporters gathered in the capital Kampala to debate the way forward for gay rights in Uganda.




Environment

Uganda: Conservationists applaud Uganda

2007-11-02

http://www.afrol.com/articles/27102

Conservationists have applauded the Ugandan government’s decision to drop its plan to give away a third of Mabira Forest Reserve land for sugarcane plantations. Ugandan government bowed down to pressures from wildlife activists and publicly announced conserving Mabira.


Africa: Global environment has radically changed, report

2007-11-02

http://www.sardc.net/Editorial/Newsfeature/07431007.htm

The fourth Global Environment Outlook (GEO-4) produced by the United Nations Environment Programme was launched on 25 October 2007, with the key message that the world has changed dramatically over the past 20 years. The launch of the report was conducted simultaneously in about 40 cities across the world, including Johannesburg, South Africa and Port Louis, Mauritius. Both countries are members of the Southern African Development Community (SADC).




Land & land rights

South Africa: Land redistribution moves to the front burner

2007-11-02

http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=75127

The South African government has revealed that less than 5 percent of white-owned commercial agricultural land has been redistributed since the demise of apartheid in 1994, making the target of having 30 percent redistributed by 2014 seem almost unachievable.


South Africa: Government housing project excludes poorest of the poor

2007-11-02

http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=75102

Thousands of the poorest residents in Cape Town, South Africa, are facing eviction from an informal settlement to make way for a government housing project. About 20,000 residents of the Joe Slovo informal settlement near Langa, a township about 15km from Cape Town along the N2, the main access road to and from the airport, are opposing their forced removal to Delft, about 20km northeast of the city, because they say it would reduce their standard of living further and make it difficult and more expensive to travel to the city for work.




Media & freedom of expression

Swaziland: Media Faces New Media Council Bill Threat

2007-11-02

http://africa.oneworld.net/article/view/154778/1/

The Swazi media faces a new threat following a call by Parliament for government to pilot the contentious Media Council Bill within eight weeks. A Parliament Select Committee recently constituted to probe Times Sunday editor, Mbongeni Mbingo, on charges of contempt of Parliament, whilst clearing Mbingo on the charges, called on government to pilot the Media Council Bill within eight weeks of the adoption of its report by Parliament.


Africa: A New Publication on Media Legislation in Africa

2007-11-01

http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/ev.php-URL_ID=25478&URL_DO=DO_PRINTPAGE&URL_SECTION=201.html

With support from UNESCO, a publication on media legislation in Africa has just been released, result of a research undertaken by a team of African scholars, coordinated by Professor Guy Berger, Head of the School of Journalism and Media Studies at Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa.


DRC: Community radio stations threatened by botched government decree

2007-11-02

http://www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=24161

Reporters Without Borders has condemned information, press and communication minister Toussaint Tshilombo Send’s announcement of a ban on around 40 TV and radio stations five days ago. It has had the effect of silencing four community radio stations based in Kinshasa, while around 200 other community radio stations throughout the country are also threatened.


Nigeria: Journalists harassed by governor of northern state

2007-11-02

http://www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=24166

Reporters Without Borders is outraged by the way governor Ali Modu Sheriff of the northern state of Borno has hounded journalists for the past 10 days. After criticising his lavish spending, James Garuba of the Tribune, Michael Olabode of This day, another privately-owned daily, and several other reporters were arrested twice last week by the State Security Service, the main domestic intelligence agency, and then placed under its daily control.


Niger: Aïr Info correspondent freed after six days in police custody

2007-11-02

http://www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=24171

Daouda Yacouba of the privately-owned fortnightly Aïr Info has been released after being held for six days at police headquarters in the northern city of Agadez. He has not been charged. Yacouba was arrested on 25 October in Ingall, a town to the west of Agadez where he works as the Agadez-based Aïr Info’s correspondent. The police did not explain why he was arrested but they questioned him about his articles and his alleged links with the Tuareg rebels of the Niger People’s Movement for Justice (MNJ).




News from the diaspora

Haiti: Member of Lavalas Party kidnapped

2007-11-01

http://www.haitisolidarity.net/article.php?id=204

Dr. Maryse Narcisse, member of Haiti's National Commission of the Fanmi Lavalas Party, has been kidnapped. Dr. Narcisse and her driver, Delano Morel, were abducted near her home in Port-au-Prince. Dr. Narcisse is a medical doctor and long-time advocate for democracy in Haiti. She has been in the forefront of efforts to provide community-based health care and education for all Haitians.


Haiti: Origin of AIDS - Haiti Action Responds

2007-11-01

http://today.reuters.com/news/articlenews.aspx?type=healthNews&storyid=2007-10-30T060037Z_01_N29545008_RTRUKOC_0_US-AIDS-USA.xml

US Report on the spread of HIV/AIDS claims one Haitian immigrant in 1969 is the cause of the spread of AIDS in the US.Leslie Fleming responds on behalf of Haiti Action.




Conflict & emergencies

Uganda: Rebels "ready to make peace" but want ICC charges dropped

2007-11-02

http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=75123

For the first time since taking up arms almost 20 years ago, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) has sent a peace delegation to Kampala. But the rebels and Ugandan government remain poles apart on the key issue of International Criminal Court (ICC) indictments against top LRA leaders.


DRC : Bringing Peace to North Kivu - New ICG report

2007-11-01

http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=5134&l=1

North Kivu is again a crucible of conflict in Congo. Since fighting resumed between the insurgents of Laurent Nkunda and the national army in December 2006, over 370,000 civilians have been displaced in the province. Due to the failure of the latest attempt to integrate Nkunda’s troops into the army, the crisis has become much worse since May 2007. UN attempts to impose a ceasefire and appoint a special envoy to mediate have failed.


Sudan: UN-African Union peacekeeping force launches operations in El Fasher, Darfur

2007-11-01

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=24481

The United Nations African Union hybrid peacekeeping operation for Darfur (UNAMID) has begun operations at its El Fasher Headquarters in what the senior UN official there called a milestone for the strife-torn Sudanese region. “It is a great day for the United Nations and the African Union, the day of UNAMID's launch, which was only an idea three months ago but now it is a profound reality,” said Rodolphe Adada, the UN-AU Joint Special Representative for Darfur.


Somalia: Battles rock Mogadishu, refugees flee

2007-11-02

http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L02083149.htm

Battles broke out again in the Somali capital on Friday killing at least one, wounding four and stoking the nation's humanitarian crisis after nearly 90,000 people fled days of fighting earlier this week. Ethiopian forces supporting Somalia's interim government are trying to crush Islamist-led rebels. A Reuters witness said clashes resumed before dawn in the heart of the coastal capital.


DRC: Demobilise child soldiers, free minors held by military courts, says MONUC

2007-11-02

http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=75117

MONUC, the UN mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), has called on the army to demobilise all child soldiers in its ranks and hand over any minors held by military tribunals to civilian jurisdiction. "We believe there are almost 200 minors still present in various FARDC [regular army] brigades currently deployed in North Kivu," MONUC spokesman Kemal Saiki told reporters on 31 October.


Somalia: Malnutrition increases as humanitarian emergency worsens in the Shabelles

2007-11-02

http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=75099

About 10,000 children are severely malnourished and at risk of death in the Lower and Middle Shabelle regions of Somalia as food prices experienced a sharp increase and the ongoing conflict hindered access to those affected, early warning agencies said.




Internet & technology

Africa: ICT no longer luxury for Africans, says Kagame

2007-11-01

http://www.newtimes.co.rw/index.php?issue=1333&article=1953

Gone are the days when Africans used to see Information and Communication Technology as a luxury, President Paul Kagame has said. “In just ten years, what was once an object of luxury and privilege, the mobile phone has become a basic necessity in urban and rural Africa,” Kagame said yesterday. He was addressing hundreds of top government and telecoms industry leaders who are attending a two-day high-level Connect Africa summit at Serena Hotel in Kigali. The meeting is attended by six African Heads of State, including Kagame.


Global: "$100 laptop" hits $200

2007-11-01

http://www.reuters.com/article/internetNews/idUSN299128720071029

A computer developed for poor children around the world, dubbed "the $100 laptop," has reached a milestone: Its price tag is now $200. The One Laptop per Child Foundation, founded by MIT Professor Nicholas Negroponte, has started offering the lime-green-and-white machines in lots of 10,000 for $200 apiece on its Web site (http://laptopfoundation.org/participate/givemany.shtml).


Rwanda: Government to buy into the One Laptop per Child project

2007-11-02

http://www.balancingact-africa.com/news/current1.html#computing

President Paul Kagame has indicated to the One-Laptop-Per-Child project that government will buy laptops from the new sales promotion scheme 'Give 1 and Get 1' (GIGI), RNA has learnt from a senior official behind the plan. Starting November 12, One Laptop Per Child - the brain-child of American Prof. Nicholas Negroponte will be offering a 'Give 1 and Get 1' (G1G1) promotion. For US$399, a person in a developed country will be purchasing two XO laptops. One that will be sent to a child in a developing nation and one that will be sent to their child at home.


Africa: African cities to be connected with broadband

2007-11-02

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/internet/44216

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the African Development Bank (AfDB) have agreed to collaborate on interconnecting all African capitals and major cities with ICT broadband infrastructure and strengthen connectivity to the rest of the world by 2012. The announcement comes after Dr. Hamadoun Touré the Secretary-General of the ITU announced that one of the summit goals was to interconnect all African capitals with ICT broadband infrastructure and strengthen connectivity to the rest of the world by 2012 as well as interconnect major African cities by 2015.


East Africa: Reform taxation laws on Telecommunications

2007-11-02

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/internet/44217

In a report released by Deloitte, East African mobile operators loose a third of their revenues to governments by way of taxes and other government tariffs. The Deloitte study suggests that if Rwanda for example goes on to impose the proposed 10 percent excise tax on mobile telephones, it would have the second highest tax rate in Africa, behind Uganda


Africa: 9.1billion Euros for Euro-Africa-ICT partnership

2007-11-02

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/internet/44218

The European Union has set aside a total sum of 9.1 billion Euros for funding of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)-based research on the continent through the EuroAfrica-ICT Strategic Partnership. The partnership, which is part of the Seventh EU Framework Programme for Research and Development (FP7) is a project that would last till 2010 and is driven by activities of the European Commission, Directorate General of Information Society and Media and is aimed at exploring the potential for a deeper and broader Science and Technology (S&T) cooperation on ICT between EU and the sub-Saharan Africa region.


Africa: Civil society calls for new governance to make internet accessible to Africans

2007-11-02

http://www.apc.org/english/news/index.shtml?x=5262412

Convened by the Association for Progressive Communications (APC) on the 28th of October 2007, civil society groups have called for new forms of corporate governance to develop the ICT infrastructure in Africa. These new forms should “ensure the interests of all stakeholders, but above all, the interest of African consumers and citizens,” the statement insists. The Kigali statement by African civil society delegates, academicians, researchers, consumer interest groups, and internet service providers is made in light of the Connect Africa Summit taking place in that same city on the 29th and 30th of October 2007.




Fundraising & useful resources

Global: CALL FOR PAPERS: WID Working Papers Special Edition on Sexual Violence and Conflict

2007-11-01

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/fundraising/44163

The *Working Papers on Women and International features article-length manuscripts by scholars from a broad range of disciplines. It disseminates materials that are at a late stage of formulation and that contribute new understandings of women\'s economic, social, and political position amidst change. The series focuses on the relationships between gender and global transformation and publishes reports of empirical studies and projects, theoretical analyses, and policy discussions that illuminate the processes of change in the broadest sense.


Africa: Call for Papers: The African Journal of Agricultural Research (AJAR)

2007-11-01

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/fundraising/44164

The African Journal of Agricultural Research (AJAR) is currently accepting manuscripts for publication. AJAR publishes high-quality solicited and unsolicited articles, in English, in all areas of agriculture. Instruction for authors and other details are available on our website www.academicjournals.org/ajar Prospective authors should send their manuscript(s) to [email protected]
AJAR is also seeking for qualified reviewers as members of its editorial board. Please contact me if you are interested in serving as a reviewer.


Africa: Speak Africa interactive workspace

2007-11-01

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/fundraising/44166

A special Speak Africa virtual space (http://cairo.mepemepe.com/) has been set up for exchange of ideas amongst children and youth around the Cairo Plus V meeting. Like the overall Speak Africa strategy, the Speak Africa space is not branded with any agency, NGO or partner logos, and as such is an open forum for partners to contribute, share information and develop an infrastructure that will be easily extensible to other youth events, but more importantly to the SpeakAfrica platform as a whole.


Global: Sport for a Better World

2007-11-01

http://www.changemakers.net/competition/sports

Ashoka’s Changemakers and Nike have partnered to open a worldwide search for leading innovations that use sport to improve community, accelerate development and drive social change. Organisations are invited to submit their proposals until January 8, 2007. The Changemakers online community will vote for three winners from approximately 12 finalists who will be selected by our panel of judges. The three winners will each receive $5,000. All groups and sports enthusiasts can join the online Changemakers community to make suggestions and recommend resources that will help refine and strengthen the strategies presented by competition entrants. For more information on entering, the online review, and voting please visit the following website:http://www.changemakers.net/competition/sports


Africa: Leadership and Advocacy for Women in Africa (LAWA) Program - Invitation for Applications

2007-11-02

http://www.wlppfp.org/lawa/

The Leadership and Advocacy for Women in Africa (LAWA) Fellowship Program was founded in 1993 at the Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C., in order to train women's human rights lawyers from Africa who are committed to returning home to their countries in order to advance the status of women and girls throughout their careers (see LAWA Goals). Over 50 women's human rights advocates from Botswana, Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe have participated in the LAWA Program, and we hope to include Fellows from additional countries in the future. The application deadline for the 2008-2009 LAWA Fellowship Program is November 30, 2007.




Courses, seminars, & workshops

Africa: 5th International Congress of the African Association of Physiological Sciences (AAPS).

2007-11-01

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/courses/44167

The Kenya Physiological Society (KPS) and the African Association of Physiological Sciences (AAPS) invite all scientists involved in basic, clinical and biomedical research to participate in this historic congress to be held at Chiromo Campus, University of Nairobi in Kenya. The theme of the Congress is "Physiological Sciences and Development in Africa".


CODESRIA – SEPHIS Collaborative Programme: Extended Workshop on Social History - Postponement

2007-11-01

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/courses/44173

The fifth CODESRIA/SEPHIS Extended Workshop on New Theories and Methods in Social History that will be held in Dakar, Senegal, has been postponed to 3-21 March 2008.


Global: Feminisms in transnational perspective

2007-11-01

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/courses/44180

The aim of this course is to explore and discuss various ways of articulating and affirming the voice as a powerful agency of social change. The registration deadline is December 15, 2007. All applicants shall receive notice of admission results by February 10, 2008.


Global: Global Forum on Human Resources for Health - Announcement and Call for Papers

2007-11-01

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/courses/44165

The Global Health Workforce Alliance will convene the first-ever Global Forum on Human Resources for Health from 2-7 March 2008 in Kampala, Uganda. As Africa is the worst affected by the health workforce crisis, it is a demonstration of commitment and solidarity that the first Forum will be organized in Africa.


Global: SexPolitics: Reports from the Front Lines - epublication

2007-11-01

http://www.mailmanschool.org/msphcal/event_display.asp?event_id=1324

You are invited to join and commemorate the e-publishing of SexPolitics: Reports from the Front Lines, edited by Richard Parker, Rosalind Petchesky and Robert Sember. SexPolitics is a collection of analytic case studies from eight countries—Brazil, Egypt, India, Peru, Poland, South Africa, Turkey, and Vietnam—and two global institutions—the World Bank and the United Nations—which aim to document and interrogate the global shaping and shifting of sexuality policy and politics.


London: Human rights defenders from Nepal and Zimbabwe speak'

2007-11-01

http://www.lse.ac.uk/humanrights

Speakers: Mandira Sharma and Arnold Tsunga
Chair: Dr Jenny Kuper
Date and time: Tuesday 6 November, 12.30-1.30pm
Venue: New Theatre, East Building, LSE (click here for a How to get to


South Africa: The 11th AWID International Forum on Women's Rights and Development - Call for participation

2007-11-01

http://www.awid.org/forum08/

The Association for Women's Rights in Development is an international membership organisation that works to strengthen the voice, impact and influence of women's rights advocates, organizations and movements internationally to effectively advance the rights of women. From November 14-17, 2008, up to 1,500 women's rights leaders and activists from around the world will converge on Cape Town, South Africa at the 11th AWID International Forum to discuss the power of movements.


Tanzania: National Training on Gender and Organization Development

2007-11-01

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/courses/44161

Tanzania Gender Networking Programme (TGNP) is a non Governmental Advocacy Organization which promotes gender equality and equity principles, women’s empowerment and social transformation within Tanzania and beyond. Begun in 1993, TGNP has adopted the following strategies: participatory methodology and animation; networking coalition building and outreach, policy analysis and advocacy; action-oriented participatory research and collective action; scholarly analysis, media engagement and popular literature; and capacity building and training.





Fahamu - Networks For Social Justice
www.fahamu.org

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