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Back Issues

PAMBAZUKA NEWS 177: HOW DO WE NAME THE DARFUR CRISIS?

A weekly electronic forum for social justice in Africa

CONTENTS: 1. Highlights from this issue, 2. Features, 3. Comment & analysis, 4. Advocacy & campaigns, 5. Pan-African Postcard, 6. Books & arts, 7. Letters & Opinions, 8. Women & gender, 9. Human rights, 10. Refugees & forced migration, 11. Elections & governance, 12. Corruption, 13. Development, 14. Health & HIV/AIDS, 15. Education, 16. Racism & xenophobia, 17. Environment, 18. Land & land rights, 19. Media & freedom of expression, 20. Social welfare, 21. News from the diaspora, 22. Conflict & emergencies, 23. Internet & technology, 24. eNewsletters & mailing lists, 25. Fundraising & useful resources, 26. Courses, seminars, & workshops

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Highlights from this issue

SELECTED HEADLINES FOR PAMBAZUKA NEWS 177

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/highlights/25074

* Editorial: Mamdani asks "How can we name the Darfur crisis?
* Comment and Analysis: Gerald Caplan on the genocide problem:
* Pambazuka News: New RSS feed to bring news to your desktop/website
* Pan-African Postcard: Bwana Blair's spin in Africa
* Conflicts and Emergencies: Sierra Leone Truth Commission Final Report Released
* Refugees and Forced Migration: Refugees facing a less friendly environment
* Women and Gender: Equality Now Beijing +10 Review process
* Corruption: Bribery begins in the UK
* Environment: FAO eclipses regional locust control body, but comes in for criticism

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Features

How can we name the Darfur crisis: Preliminary thoughts on Darfur

Mahmood Mamdani

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/features/24982

How can we name the Darfur crisis? The US Congress, and now Secretary of State Colin Powell, claim that genocide has occurred in Darfur. The European Union says it is not genocide. And so does the African Union.


RSS Feed available for Pambazuka News

Pambazuka technical team

2004-10-07

http://www.pambazuka.org/en/newsfeed.php

RSS newsfeeds for Pambazuka News is now available. RSS is an easy way for you to keep updated automatically on Pambazuka News - either straight to your desktop or on your website. To make use of RSS (which stands for Really Simple Syndication) get hold of a program called a newsreader which displays RSS information from your chosen sites on your computer. You can either choose the current newsletter or if there is a category you are particularly interested in (for example our editorials, stories on health or education) you can chose to display just those stories. Alternatively you can choose to display back issues of Pambazuka news. Right click on the orange icons on the page at http://www.pambazuka.org/en/newsfeed.php , copy the link and paste it into your news reading software.




Comment & analysis

The genocide problem: "Never again" all over again

Gerald Caplan

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/comment/24992

Ten years ago, the international community stood by as the horror of the Rwandan genocide unfolded. This summer, Western political will could have stopped the mass killings in Sudan. Why do we not act?




Advocacy & campaigns

Africa/Global: Gender and media in Africa and globally

2004-10-07

http://www.genderlinks.org.za/index.asp

From September 12-14, 2004, over 160 people from the Southern Africa region and several observers from around the world, participated in the first Southern African Gender and Media Awards and Summit in Johannesburg, South Africa. For the Summit Report, up-to-date stories on Women and Gender in Africa and for Country Reports, please refer to the Gender Links website.




Pan-African Postcard

Bwana Blair's spin in Africa

Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/panafrican/25071

The self-chosen prophet of the World's self-anointed 'Political God' (paraphrasing President Mugabe's recent blunt remarks at the UN General Assembly) otherwise known as Tony Blair, British Prime Minister, is on a mercy mission to Africa. Yesterday he was in Sudan to add whatever is left of British diplomatic and political pressures and his hugely depleted arsenal of personal influence on the Al Bashir regime to stop killing its own citizens. It is very difficult to know who the Khartoum government really responds to, therefore all kinds of pressure needs to be brought to bear from all corners. Why they would listen to Blair I don't know but it gives good footage for Blair's public at home who have become too suspicious of their Prime Minister.




Books & arts

Africa/Global: Two African TV programmes nominated for Iemmy Awards 2004

2004-10-07

http://www.africafilmtv.com/

Two African television programmes have been nominated for the prestigious International Emmy Awards Gala to be held November 22 2004, in New York. "Stokvel" by Penguin Films (South Africa) was nominated in the comedy category and the other African nomination is for the special Iemmy/UNICEF International Children's day of broadcasting (ICDB) award. In this special category, Kenyan Nation TV's Channel 42 has been nominated for its "International Children's Day of Broadcasting Special".


Blood and Soil: Land, politics and conflict prevention in Zimbabwe and South Africa

2004-10-07

http://www.icg.org/home/index.cfm?id=2998&l=1

For all their differences, one thing Zimbabwe and South Africa have in common is that land issues, dating back to colonial times and white settler government, are highly emotive, evoking difficult questions of history, race, politics, economic opportunity and international diplomacy. Blood and Soil offers a detailed analysis of the different challenges of land reform in both Zimbabwe and South Africa.


For Sale: a Small Africana library, mostly on Nigeria

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/books/24985

I have recently purchased some books and journals that may be of interest to Africanists, or anybody interested in Nigerian literature and academia. If you know anybody who may be interested in purchasing these, please have them contact me at this address. Thanks. Most of the materials range in period from 1937-the early 1970s.


Global: Sickness and wealth: The corporate assault on global health

2004-10-07

http://www.southendpress.org/books/sickness.shtml

In this book, international activists and scholars reveal how policies implemented by the World Bank, the World Trade Organization, and other first world interests limit access to health care and sentence millions to disease and premature death. Essayists provide a historical context for understanding the complex relationship between health, inequality, politics, and globalization.


Redefining Mother Africa

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/books/24984

As many African societies undergo political and economic transformations in order to meet the challenges of the 21st century, a new book entitled "Africa And The Need For Attitude Change" by Okoro I. Chima, takes an in-depth look at the continent and its people. Name any issue of regional concern - leadership, economy, corruption, education, the press, democracy and HIV/AIDS - it touches it all. It is bold, provocative and entertaining.




Letters & Opinions

Guinea: Informations sur le forum social ouest africain

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/letters/25064

Bonjour! Nous vous faisons parvenir le guide pratique d'informations sur le 1er forum social ouest africain qui se tiendra à Conakry du 28 au 30 novembre 2004. Ce forum s'inscrit dans la dynamique de proposition d'alternatives de développement en Afrique. Il se veut comme un cadre d' excellence de concertation et d'analyse des politiques de développement du continent africain. Pour d'amples informations, veuillez nous envoyer un courriel pour avoir le texte intitulé "Tout sur le Forum Social Ouest Africain - FSOA". La participation est ouverte à tous les acteurs de la société civile du monde notament ceux de l'espace de la CEDEAO. Une Autre Afrique de l'Ouest est possible! Cordialement.


Outstanding analysis of Africa

Warren Green

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/letters/24983

Thank you for the outstanding analysis on the motherland Africa. I am so glad that you put out the real truth about what are the schemes and actions, both inside and outside, the continent. I am an advocate for reparations in the US for the descendants of enslaved Africans. Our ancestors want us to complete this. We will complete this. Your e-newsletter plays an important role in this worldwide movement. Again, Thank you for your commitment and may the ancestors shine love and blessings on your family and your many generations to come.


Sierra Leone: GALZ Remembers Fanny Ann Eddy

2004-10-07

http://www.mask.org.za/SECTIONS/AfricaPerCountry/ABC/sierra%20leone/sierra%20leone_7.htm

Fanny Ann was an activist in the real sense of the word. She dedicated herself to the cause of normalizing lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in society through direct action and she was an example to those of us who play the victim and claim that nothing is possible in the hostile climates in which we exist. The early death of anyone is tragic; when that someone is gruesomely murdered for seemingly no other reason than that she stood up for the rights and fought for the dignity of those who are marginalized and persecuted in Africa, it leaves us all with deep feelings of confusion and despair.




Women & gender

Africa/Global: Equality Now review of words and deeds

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/wgender/24977

In March 2004, Equality Now launched its report, Words and Deeds: Holding Governments Accountable in the Beijing + 10 Review Process. Since then, countries have made some developments regarding the laws given in the report and more recommended actions have been made. Please find a copy of the full report in the Women and Gender section of this newsletter or go to www.equalitynow.org


Africa/Global: Words and Deeds: Beijing +10 Review Process

Equality Now

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/wgender/24976

The fundamental right to equality has been affirmed and reaffirmed repeatedly by governments in international treaties, declarations, and conferences, as well as in domestic constitutions. Nevertheless, discrimination against women in its most blatant forms continues in countries around the world. In September 1995, 6,000 delegates from 189 countries at the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing adopted a Declaration reaffirming their fundamental commitment to "the equal rights and inherent dignity of women and men." They also adopted the Beijing Platform for Action in which they pledged to "ensure equality and non-discrimination under the law and in practice," and more specifically in Paragraph 232(d) to "revoke any remaining laws that discriminate on the basis of sex and remove gender bias in the administration of justice." In June 2000, a Special Session of the General Assembly reviewed implementation of the Platform for Action, and governments pledged in the Outcome Document they adopted to review domestic legislation "with a view to striving to remove discriminatory provisions as soon as possible, preferably by 2005…" The 2005 deadline is fast approaching, yet laws that explicitly discriminate against women remain in force in many countries.

In 1999, Equality Now published Words and Deeds: Holding Governments Accountable in the Beijing +5 Review Process, a report highlighting a representative sampling of discriminatory laws in forty-five countries around the world and calling on their governments to rescind these laws in accordance with the commitment made in the Beijing Platform for Action. There have been a number of significant legal reforms in some countries. Equality Now welcomes the reforms that have been made by the Governments of The Bahamas, Costa Rica, France, Jordan, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Switzerland, Turkey, Venezuela and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia - Republic of Serbia, to eliminate the discriminatory laws highlighted by Equality Now in its initial report. These reforms demonstrate a commitment to equality and respect for the undertakings made in Beijing and other international legal obligations. They set an example that should be followed by all governments. The Government of Nepal amended several property laws to remove discriminatory provisions, including a law that gave daughters the right to a share of family property only if they were 35 years old and unmarried. It failed, however, to repeal a provision that requires women to return any such property upon marriage.

A large majority of the discriminatory laws cited by Equality Now in its report five years ago are still in force. The updated report attached to this Women's Action Update includes these laws and other laws that explicitly perpetuate de jure discrimination with regard to personal status, economic status, marital status and violence against women. These are a few of the many existing laws that fundamentally contradict the words and spirit of the Platform for Action (as well as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenants on Civil and Political, and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women). In anticipation of the tenth anniversary of the adoption of the Beijing Platform for Action and the target date of 2005 for elimination of discriminatory laws, Equality Now calls on all governments to rescind these laws within the next year, to demonstrate their commitment to implement the Beijing Platform for Action.

Explicitly discriminatory laws that mention women by name are only a small part of the discrimination women face daily in every country in the world. In many and varied ways, women's right to equality is pervasively and invisibly denied and precluded, their social inequality officially ratified. Some constitutions specifically exempt from equality guarantees certain laws that particularly and profoundly affect women's lives, such as family law and property inheritance, in deference to discriminatory religious or customary laws. Laws adopted to promote equality in employment rarely guarantee equal pay for work of comparable value, and domestic work is almost never covered by labor laws, with the result that women in the most sex-segregated jobs continue to be underpaid and unprotected.

Authorities in most countries are typically reluctant to respond vigorously to domestic violence with the result that women, the primary victims of intimate assault, have less personal security. Some countries make selling sex a crime while buying sex is not, thereby criminalizing those who are exploited, mainly women, while at the same time not holding those who exploit them, almost always men, accountable for this abuse. In countries where abortion is a crime, women are forced to carry pregnancy to term or are exclusively burdened with the danger of illegal abortions, which can be fatal. Whenever laws promote or perpetuate women's inequality, even when their language appears gender-neutral, they constitute discrimination in violation of international norms. To implement the Beijing Platform for Action, which calls for "non-discrimination under the law and in practice," governments must review all laws that have a discriminatory impact and remedy this discrimination.

Law is the most formal expression of government policy. A government that allows discriminatory laws to remain in force endorses and promotes inequality. Without equality under law, women have no recourse when they face discrimination that affects all aspects of their lives including security, bodily integrity, family life, community status, and political, economic and social prospects. The fact that there are any laws - in fact so many laws - that explicitly discriminate against women nearly 10 years after the adoption of the Beijing Platform for Action, 25 years after the adoption of CEDAW and 55 years after the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights affirming that "all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights," is unacceptable.

Recommended Actions Please write to the heads of state of the countries mentioned in this report and call on them to ensure that the laws mentioned, and any other discriminatory laws in force, are repealed or amended before the agreed target date of 2005. Urge them to undertake and complete these reforms as a demonstration of their genuine commitment to the words and spirit of the 1995 Beijing Platform for Action and the Outcome Document adopted in 2000. To address the harmful and disproportionate impact on women of laws that are gender neutral in language, call on your own government to undertake a comprehensive review, in conjunction with women's groups in the country, of existing laws to identify and address any sex discriminatory impact these laws might have, through legal reform or other measures needed to ensure non-discriminatory implementation of the law. This appeal should be addressed to your Minister of Justice, as well as your President or Prime Minister. Share this report and your concerns with the media and the general public, to enlist their support in this campaign to hold governments accountable to the promises they made in the Beijing Platform for Action. Please keep us updated on your campaign efforts and let us know about discriminatory laws in your country and efforts underway to change them.

Please keep Equality Now updated on your efforts and send information or copies of replies you receive to: Equality Now, P.O. Box 20646, Columbus Circle Station, New York, NY 10023 USA or Equality Now Africa Regional Office, P.O. Box 2018 KNH, Nairobi, KENYA


Africa: Can women save the planet?

2004-10-07

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/3704894.stm

Many of Africa's women are trapped in a vicious circle of poverty and environmental destruction. Where will we be in 2015? This week, BBC Africa Live head to the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, from where it asked: Why do women damage the environment? And what are women doing to help save the planet? Do women hold the answer to Africa's environmental problems? The debate took place on Wednesday 6 October at 1630 GMT and 1830 GMT, responses and comments can be read online.


Africa: Gender and peace-building in Africa report

2004-10-07

http://www.peacewomen.org/resources/Organizing/TfPGenderAfrica.pdf

This report features the following articles: "Gender Mainstreaming The Peace-Building Process" by Kari Karamé; "Gender, International Legal Framework And Peace-Building" by Christine Chinkin; "Involving Women In Peace Processes: Lessons From Four African Countries (Burundi, DRC, Liberia And Sierra Leone)" by Nadine Puechguirbal; and "Men, Masculinities And Peacekeeping In Sub-Saharan Africa" by Paul R. Higate. To view the Training for Peace Programme website, visit: http://www.trainingforpeace.org/


Kenya: Body exhumed in Kenya rape probe

2004-10-07

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/3710114.stm

British Royal Military Police Special Investigations Branch and Kenyan police have been looking into 650 allegations by hundreds of Samburu and Masai women that they were raped, dating from the 1980s and 90s . The body of Mantoi Kaunda, who was 16 when she was allegedly raped and killed by British soldiers, has been exhumed by forensic experts for further investigation.


Preparations for the fourth anniversary of Resolution 1325: 4 weeks to go

2004-10-07

http://www.peacewomen.org/un/4thAnniversary/Oct04calendar.html

Women, Peace and Security month has arrived! Here is a sampling of the events being organized for the 4th anniversary of Resolution 1325. PeaceWomen has developed an October events calendar on the website. As events are finalized, and new events organized, PeaceWomen will update the online calendar. There are currently three major events scheduled including one in Stockholm, Sweden and two at the United Nations.


Rwanda: Rape survivors find no justice

2004-10-07

http://www.hrea.org/lists/hr-headlines/markup/msg01927.html

Tens of thousands of Rwandan women were raped during the genocide and in the decade since, but only a few perpetrators of sexual violence have been prosecuted. In a new report, "Struggling to Survive: Barriers to Justice for Rape Victims in Rwanda," Human Rights Watch investigates the persistent weaknesses in the Rwandan legal system that hamper the investigation and prosecution of sexual violence. The report also documents the desperate health and economic situation of rape survivors. The full report is available at: http://hrw.org/reports/2004/rwanda0904/




Human rights

Africa/Global: EU divided over list of "safe" countries

2004-10-07

http://www.statewatch.org/news/2004/sep/safe-countries.pdf

Statewatch is calling for the draft EU common list of "safe countries of origin" to be scrapped. An analysis by Statewatch shows that EU member states are divided over the proposed list of ten "safe countries of origin" (seven in Africa, three in Latin America).The list was proposed in March as part of the draft EU asylum procedures Directive, which was politically agreed by the member states in April 2004. A broad coalition of refugee and human rights organisations has already called for this Directive to be withdrawn.


Italy/Africa: Human rights of refugees violated

2004-10-07

http://www.amnesty.org.uk/news/press/15628.shtml

Amnesty International has condemned the policy adopted by the Italian government to manage the arrival of large numbers of migrants on the Italian island of Lampedusa in recent days. The immediate forced return to Libya, by aeroplane, of over 300 foreign nationals newly arrived in Italy constitutes a very serious violation of national and international laws and conventions relating to the right to seek asylum, said the organisation.


Kenya: Kenyan court intervenes in HIV stigma-related employment dismissal

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/rights/25067

A Kenyan woman with HIV has won the first round of a landmark court case claiming discrimination by her former employer. The waitress was sacked by her bosses at Home Park Caterers in Nairobi because, they discovered she had the virus that leads to AIDS from a hospital doctor who told them the results of the HIV test, which had been conducted without her consent, thus violating her right to privacy. In an 18-page ruling announced yesterday, High Court judge Lady Justice Murugi Mugo said the case was sufficiently reasonable to be heard and should go ahead.


Namibia: Human Rights Day renaming reflects GRN’S anti-rights agenda

2004-10-07

http://www.nshr.org.na/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=407&mode=thread&order=0&thold=0&POSTNUKESID=460c50069cc23ee49e5c52c026baf85c

The National Society for Human Rights (NSHR) condemns the Government of Namibia (GRN) Bill virtually banning the marking of December 10 as International Human Right's Day in Namibia. "Bearing in mind GRN’s general anti-human rights agenda over the years, NSHR is not surprised at this virtual banning of marking December 10 as International Human Rights Day. This state of affairs appears to be perfectly in line with the ruling SWAPO Party’s deplorable pre-independence human rights record", observed NSHR executive director Phil ya Nangoloh.


Sierra Leone: Lesbian rights activist brutally murdered

2004-10-07

http://hrw.org/english/docs/2004/10/04/sierra9440.htm

The government of Sierra Leone should bring to justice those responsible for the brutal murder of FannyAnn Eddy, founder of the Sierra Leone Lesbian and Gay Association and a lesbian rights activist known across Africa, Human Rights Watch said October 4th. Eddy, 30, was found dead on the morning of September 29 after being raped repeatedly, stabbed and had her neck broken. FannyAnn Eddy's statement to the U.N. Commission on Human Rights on April 18, 2004 is available at: http://hrw.org/english/docs/2004/10/04/sierra9439.htm


Sudan: Arbitrary arrest of two students in Khartoum

2004-10-07

http://www.soatsudan.org/press_releases/Arbitrary%20arrest%20of%20two%20students%20in%20Khartoum%20-1%20Oct%2004.asp

On 23 September 2004, the National Security Agency (NSA) arrested two University of Khartoum students and took them to the NSA political section offices at Khartoum North. It was alleged that they were beaten and punched all over their bodies for an hour, as they were questioned about the activities of the Darfur Student Association. Abd Alrahman Mohamed Abd Alrahman (27 yrs) was released the next day, Friday 24 September 2004, at 4pm. Faisal Dawood Abd Alrahman's (26 yrs) current whereabouts are not known.




Refugees & forced migration

Africa/Italy: Many drown as migrant ship sinks

2004-10-07

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3712696.stm

At least 17 people drowned off the coast of Tunisia when their boat sank while trying to reach Italy illegally, the Tunisian authorities say. The news came as a row erupted over Italy's decision to send migrants back to their point of departure. Three planeloads of migrants were flown to Libya on Saturday, and a further 800 people are due to be expelled.


Angola: New government plans could compromise voluntary nature of IDP return process

2004-10-07

http://www.db.idpproject.org/Sites/idpSurvey.nsf/wViewSingleEnv/AngolaProfile+Summary

Close to four million internally displaced people have returned to Angola following the ceasefire agreement of April 2002 between the governing MPLA and the UNITA, which marked the end of 27 years of civil war. According to the UN, only between 40,000 and 60,000 people can still be considered internally displaced, whereas the government's estimates goes as high as 340,000. Most of the internally displaced people (IDPs) have returned spontaneously without any assistance from the government or humanitarian organisations.


Botswana/Angola: Registration of Angolan refugees to start immediately

2004-10-07

http://www.mmegi.bw/2004/October/Tuesday5/223911611984.html

The UNHCR representative in Botswana, Benny Otim, told Angolan refugees yesterday that his office would immediately start registering those willing to return home. Otim was briefing refugees at the Dukwi refugee settlement outside the city of Francistown. His registration call comes at a time when only about 50 of an estimated 882 Angolan refugees living at the Dukwi refugee camp has registered for voluntary repatriation.


Burundi/DRC/Rwanda: Hundreds flee for fear of violence

2004-10-07

http://tinyurl.com/636rz

Hundreds of Burundians in the northern province of Kirundo have fled to Rwanda in the last two weeks following rumours of imminent violence should elections be delayed beyond October, ending three-year transitional period, a local official told IRIN."They were told that if elections are not held before 1 November, killings similar to those of 1993 would take place," Ildephonse Ndagijimana, the administrator of Bugabira, a commune in Kirundo, said.


Chad: Chad steps up security at UN camps after three refugees are killed

2004-10-07

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=12105&Cr=sudan&Cr1=

Chadian authorities are tightening security in and around 10 United Nations refugee camps in the east of the country - where more than 200,000 Sudanese people have gathered after fleeing violence in the Darfur region - after three refugees were killed there in the past week amid rising tensions with locals. Some 180 Chadian gendarmes have started patrols around the camps and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees has handed over nine vehicles for the gendarmes to use.


Global/Africa: Refugees facing a less friendly environment, UN High Commissioner warns

2004-10-07

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=12113&Cr=refugees&Cr1=

Driven by prevailing fear, confusion and the politicization of humanitarian concerns, the world has become less friendly towards refugees - even though the number of people seeking asylum has fallen steeply - the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) said. Ruud Lubbers opened the annual meeting of UNHCR's 66-member governing body in Geneva with a call for nations to share, rather than shift, the burden of accepting asylum seekers.


Norway/Ethiopia: Ethiopian refugees

2004-10-07

http://www.afrol.com/articles/14440

New legislation that cuts all social aid for rejected asylum seekers has left refugees starving and freezing on the streets of Oslo (Norway). As five rejected refugees from Ethiopia have had to escape hunger in Norway by turning to Sweden, the UN's refugee agency and the Norwegian Church are now protesting against the "inhumane" legislation in one of the world's richest countries.


Rwanda: Government implements low-cost housing for returnees

2004-10-07

http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=43495&SelectRegion=Great_Lakes&SelectCountry=RWANDA

With up to four million of its citizens living as refugees in neighbouring countries soon after the 1994 genocide, the government of Rwanda has introduced a low-cost housing scheme, known locally as "Imidugudu", to resettle thousands of people who returned after the killings. So far, the government has constructed at least 300,000 of these mud-bricked homes under the Imidigudu initiative, although it is still grappling with the impact of the genocide on human settlement.




Elections & governance

Botswana: EISA Observer Mission to the 2004 Botswana Parliamentary and Local Elections

2004-10-07

http://www.eisa.org.za/EISA/pr20040930.htm

EISA launches its regional Election observer Mission for the upcoming General Elections due to be held in Botswana on 30 October 2004. The 2004 Botswana Elections will be the third electoral process where the assessment of the election will be based on the Principles for Election Management, Monitoring and Observation in the SADC Region (PEMMO) recently adopted by the Electoral Commissions Forum of SADC countries (SADC ECF) and EISA.


Burundi: Committee to propose extension of political transition, UN envoy says

2004-10-07

http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=43432&SelectRegion=Great_Lakes&SelectCountry=BURUNDI

The Implementation and Monitoring Committee (IMC) of the Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Accord - under which Burundi's transitional government was established - will make proposals to the government on a possible extension of the three-year transitional period that ends on 31 October, a UN official said on 30 October. The IMC considers the adoption of the post-transition constitution an important step forward in the country's peace process but admits that some issues remain unsettled.


West Africa: Civil society electoral alliance for West Africa

2004-10-07

http://www.goreeinstitute.org/goreeInstitute/program/civil.htm

An important meeting was held at the Goree Institute on August 3-5, 2004, where 12 regional institutions participated in discussions regarding the setting up of a Civil Society Organisations Alliance to support and engage constructively in elections within the region. The three day meeting resolved that the initiative had come at the right time as many elections are planned for the next couple of years, and civil society advocacy for free, fair, transparent and credible electoral proces ses have also been intensified.


Zambia: Vice President fired for insurbordination

2004-10-07

http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=43512&SelectRegion=Southern_Africa&SelectCountry=ZAMBIA

Zambia's President Levy Mwanawasa announced on Monday that he has sacked his vice president, Nevers Mumba, for insubordination. According to Mwanawasa, Mumba had breached an oath of allegiance when he failed to retract his recent allegations that the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) was harbouring individuals who were working against the Zambian government. Mumba will be replaced by Northern Province Minister Lupando Mwape.


Zimbabwe: Clerics call for defiance

2004-10-07

http://www.zwnews.com/issuefull.cfm?ArticleID=10279

Zimbabwe's seven Catholic bishops sent a pastoral letter to churches demanding a "credible electoral process" and peaceful campaigning ahead of March elections. And they warned against propaganda, favouritism and discrimination against dissenters, including the main opposition party. In a separate move also seen as a crackdown on dissent, the government proposed criminalising charity work done without a government permit, and banning charities and private groups focusing on "issues of human rights and good governance" from receiving foreign funding.


Zimbabwe: Ray of hope for Zim elections

2004-10-07

http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=84&art_id=vn20041004043110372C762998

A two-day conference on 'Minimum Standards for Elections in Zimbabwe was held in Pretoria on 4-5 October 2004 to determine how the South African community can assist Zimbabwe in building a solid consensus on minimum election standards. Unfortunately, the Zimbabwean government and Zanu-PF decided not to participate in this conference and Mugabe declared that Zimbabwe is not bound by the recently agreed Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) standards and norms on free and fair elections.




Corruption

Africa/UK: Bribery begins at home

2004-10-07

http://www.guardian.co.uk/comment/story/0,3604,1320519,00.html

If Africa is to overcome corruption the west will have to clean up its own act. Next year, Britain is planning to make Africa the centre-piece of its presidencies of the European Union and the G8 industrialised nations. However, the UK government is potentially facing a serious credibility problem on Africa that could undermine its efforts to heal what Blair calls "the scar on the conscience of the world".


Africa: Why Africa keeps fighting over oil

2004-10-07

http://admin.corisweb.org/index.php?fuseaction=news.view&id=115310&src=dcn

The dispute over natural resources is at the heart of some of the most intractable conflicts in Africa today, from Sudan to Congo to Nigeria. Even amid international efforts to bring greater transparency to the continent's resource exploration, the recent strife here is a microcosm of widespread theft and mismanagement, which observers attribute to a combination of colonial-era intervention, corrupt governments, and cynical behavior by Western policymakers and multinationals.


Kenya: Kenya Former permanent secretary quizzed over Anglo Leasing deal

2004-10-07

http://admin.corisweb.org/index.php?fuseaction=news.view&id=115309&src=dcn

Anti-corruption police yesterday questioned former permanent secretary and Public Service chief Sally Kosgey over the Sh7 billion Anglo Leasing and Finance scandal. Anti-corruption police have flown to Switzerland to hunt down three men linked to the scandal. Two KACC detectives will travel also to Britain, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the US for further investigations.


South Africa: Zuma "unfazed" by Shaik trial

2004-10-07

http://admin.corisweb.org/index.php?fuseaction=news.view&id=115327&src=dcn

Deputy-President Jacob Zuma is "unfazed" by media reports on Sunday that a KPMG report would show an "extensive financial relationship" between him and his financial adviser, Schabir Shaik. "He reiterates that those who believe they have a case against him should charge him and prove it in a court of law, and stop running a mischievous smear campaign in the media," said Zuma's spokesperson, Lakela Kaunda.


Zambia: Moves against corruption

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/corruption/25075

Zambia’s President Levy Mwanawasa, who was viewed as a puppet of his predecessor Frederick Chiluba after he retired in 2002, has launched the country's biggest crackdown on corruption and declared a rule of law. In trying to defy the ‘puppet’ perception that was created in the minds of many Zambians, Mwanawasa seven months after assuming office addressed a special session of Parliament in July 2002 highlighting a catalogue of corrupt allegations against Chiluba. He alleged that Chiluba had plundered national resources, a scenario that had retard national development during his 10 years of presidency. Among the allegations raised was that the Chiluba’s government failed to account for US about $41 million raised from the privatisation of Roan Antelope Mining Corporation. Mwanawasa also alleged that US $20.5 million earmarked for arms purchases, was diverted from the public coffers for the personal benefit of the former president, his family and associates. He further stated that several million dollars were paid to Chiluba's family and supporters from a special bank account maintained by the ZSIS in London. Afterwards, Mwanawasa constituted what he called the Task Force on corruption. The Task Force was appointed with a specific mandate of prosecuting the suspected plunderers and recovering the stolen national resources.




Development

Africa/Global: Africa fails in IMF vote demand

2004-10-07

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/3712718.stm

Developing countries have failed in their bid to win more voting power for Africa at the IMF and World Bank. African leaders visiting Washington for the two organisation's meetings argued they have too little say in the running of the institutions. Europe has 10 seats on the IMF and World Bank boards - but Africa, which receives almost half of all loans from the two bodies, has only two. "If the fund and bank are going to be effective, they need to hear an African point of view," said Malawi finance minister Goodall Gondwe.


Africa/Global: World Bank and IMF must change labour policies to achieve poverty reduction

2004-10-07

http://www.icftu.org/displaydocument.asp?Index=991220593&Language=EN

Unless the IFIs (World Bank and International Monetary Fund) reposition themselves to work more in concert with other international organisations - particularly the International Labour Organisation and other UN bodies - and drop their unswerving support for market liberalisation and labour market flexibility, current attempts to fulfil the Millennium Development Goals will fail, said the international trade union movement.


Global: HPG Report: Beyond the Continuum, the changing role of aid policy in protracted crises

2004-10-07

http://www.odi.org.uk/hpg/papers/hpgreport18.pdf.

A new research report from the Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG) examines how the international development aid system is becoming increasingly engaged in situations which, for many years, have been seen as largely the preserve of the humanitarian community. It reviews the changing relationship between the ideas, instruments and financing of the humanitarian system and of mainstream development cooperation in situations of protracted crisis. Two briefing papers synthesize the key findings and conclusions: http://www.odi.org.uk/hpg/hpgbrief16.pdf AND http://www.odi.org.uk/hpg/hpgbrief17.pdf


Global: World Development Report 2005: A better investment climate for everyone

2004-10-07

http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTDEC/EXTRESEARCH/EXTWDRS/EXTWDR2005/0,,menuPK:477681~pagePK:64167702~piPK:64167676~theSitePK:477665,00.html

A Better Investment Climate for Everyone, the World Bank’s annual World Development Report for 2005, was launched on September 28, 2004. The Report focuses on what governments can do to improve the investment climates of their societies to increase growth and reduce poverty.


Zimbabwe: Zim $200 bn facility to rescue business sector

2004-10-07

http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=43534&SelectRegion=Southern_Africa&SelectCountry=ZIMBABWE

Zimbabwe has set up an ambitious Zim $200 billion (about US $35.6 million) loan facility to breathe life into the country's struggling businesses. The Zimbabwe Development Bank (ZDB) and the Small Enterprises Development Corporation (SEDCO) have been appointed to handle and disburse the funds, which are expected to target companies facing economic hardship, particularly those close to bankruptcy or operating below capacity.




Health & HIV/AIDS

Africa/Global: Countries urged to allocate more resources to reproductive health programmes

2004-10-07

http://www.afro.who.int/press/2004/pr20041005.html

The third meeting of the African Reproductive Health Task Force in Harare, Zimbabwe, called on African countries and the international community at large to allocate more resources to reproductive health programmes with a view to stemming the tide of maternal and child deaths. Zimbabwe's Minister of Health and Child Welfare said that African and global health policies have overlooked the need to allocate adequate resources to reproductive health programmes, which has contributed to the massive numbers of maternal and newborn deaths.


Africa/Global: Studies on interface between hormonal contraception and HIV infection

2004-10-07

http://www.afro.who.int/press/2004/pr20041006.html

Two major studies on the interface between the use of hormonal contraception and HIV infection are currently being finalized and will be released in early 2005. Depending on the results (of the studies), there may be a need to have an urgent consultation in Geneva to develop an evidence-based response to the findings, followed by a consultation of scientists, senior clinicians, policy makers and programme managers in the WHO African Region.


Africa/Global: Tuberculosis and sexually transmitted infections

2004-10-07

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no11/03-0785.htm

Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is a necessary, but not sufficient, cause of tuberculosis (TB), as only approximately 10% of those infected ever develop tuberculosis. This process of progressing to disease after infection is poorly understood. A well known risk factors for this progression is HIV/AIDS. In a letter that will appear in Emerging Infectious Diseases several scientists hypothesize on epidemiological grounds that, in addition to HIV, there likely exists another sexually transmitted virus that causes tuberculosis after tuberculous infection.


Botswana: Access to affordable drugs: Victims of HIV/AIDS should not suffer from trade rules

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/hivaids/24991

Botswana was warned last week by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, in a document made public on October 4th, to ensure that trade agreements do not undermine Botswana's ability to ensure access to affordable treatment for children or other people with HIV/AIDS.


DRC: Cholera in the Congo, washed down with a few Cokes

2004-10-07

http://www.pretorianews.co.za/index.php?fSectionId=667&fArticleId=2248273

Jean-Marie Muzaz, a chief nurse, has attended to the victims of cholera for as long as Mandela was in jail: 27 years. In the absence of government help, he has designed his own equipment to deal with this "poor man's disease" - one of the clearest indicators of poverty and despair. According to Musafiri, six years of conflict in Kalemie have killed 55% of the children under five, 31% of the pregnant women, 17% of the men. Now people die from Aids, many of them women who were raped during the war. December will see the departure of the Italians who provide drugs to the cholera victims.


Ethiopia: Famine-prone areas worse off

2004-10-07

http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=43504&SelectRegion=Horn_of_Africa&SelectCountry=ETHIOPIA

Famine-prone areas of Ethiopia are worse off now than 20 years ago at the time of the 1984 tragedy that claimed up to a million lives, Mike Aaronson, head of Save the Children UK (SC UK) said on Monday. On the eve of British Prime Minister Tony Blair's three-day visit to Ethiopia to push Africa's plight to the top of the world agenda, Aaronson said that it was "shocking" that millions of children still went hungry in Ethiopia, blaming apathy by world leaders.


Global: Participate in the first Global Health Watch Report

2004-10-07

http://www.ghwatch.org/english/casestudies/call.html

Global Health Watch is calling activists, health workers and academics from around the world to submit case studies and testimonies to supplement the first edition of the Global Health Watch Report. These case studies and testimonies will form part of the electronic accompaniment to the alternative world health report which will be launched in July 2005 at the People's Health Assembly in Ecuador.


Kenya: Brick-making blamed for malaria epidemics in western highlands

2004-10-07

http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=43503&SelectRegion=East_Africa&SelectCountry=KENYA

Brick-making, an important economic activity in the highlands of western Kenya, may be the cause of recent malaria epidemics in the area, where the disease was not naturally endemic, a recent study has shown. The study showed that brick-making generated dry season habitats for malaria vectors in western Kenya. The research findings were published by the BMC Public Health, an online journal that carries research articles. It is available at: www.biomedcentral.com/bmcpublichealth/


Nigeria/Africa: Leaders Launch Drive to Curb Polio in Africa

2004-10-07

http://www.reuters.co.uk/newsArticle.jhtml?type=healthNews&storyID=6396103&section=news

Political leaders and health workers launched a drive Saturday to immunise more than 80 million children against polio in 23 African nations and fight back against a resurgence of the crippling disease. Campaigners had been hoping to eradicate polio this year or next but the virus has spread in the past 18 months to 12 countries where it had been wiped out, in part because the northern Nigerian state of Kano banned the vaccination.


Sudan: WFP surpasses target, feeding more than 1.3 m in Darfur

2004-10-07

http://www.reliefweb.int/w/rwb.nsf/UNID/3F1C930EE8F8B4EF85256F250054C327

The United Nations World Food Programme fed more than 1.3 million people in the Darfur region of western Sudan in September, exceeding its own target of 1.2 million and recording its largest food distribution since the humanitarian crisis began. Using a combination of trucks, aircraft and trains, WFP moved a total of 21,535 metric tons of food aid to 1,336,992 people in crisis-affected areas of North, South and West Darfur.


Swaziland: Clergy, media clash on use of condoms

2004-10-07

http://www.ippmedia.com/ipp/observer/2004/10/03/21226.html

Some Christian clergymen and journalists locked horns early this week at a seminar in Swaziland over the use of condoms and masturbation as some of the safe practices in the fight against HIV and Aids. A South African Anglican reverend, Jape Heath, introduced the duo practices to the workshop participants, while the Arch-Deacon of Anglican, Diocese of Swaziland, Shongwe Londoloza, immediately disagreed, saying the two practices were anathema to African values and Christianity as a whole.




Education

Africa/Global: Lessons For Providing Adequate Schooling in Africa

2004-10-07

http://www.ipsnews.net/africa/interna.asp?idnews=25687

A conference was held Sep. 29 in Bergen City, southern Norway, which brought together 70 education specialists from Africa, Europe and Asia. Governments, civil society and donor agencies were represented at the meeting, entitled 'Quality in Education for All'. Various African governments received a stinging rebuke this week for failing to live up to promises to improve children’s education in their countries.


Somalia: School-feeding programme to be expanded

2004-10-07

http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=43528&SelectRegion=Horn_of_Africa&SelectCountry=SOMALIA

The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) plans to expand its school-feeding project in Somalia once a government has been re-established and security restored in all areas to facilitate the revival of the Horn of Africa country's poor education system, a senior WFP official said. Robert Hauser, WFP's country director for Somalia told IRIN, "The education sector at the moment is the highest priority of the UN system and of most of the donor community also."


Zambia: Quality education cannot be attained without qualified teachers

2004-10-07

http://allafrica.com/stories/200410060149.html

In a speech read on his behalf by education deputy minister Gunston Chola during the commemoration of Teachers Day under the theme "Quality Teachers for Quality Education Recruitment and Retention of Qualified Teachers" yesterday, Mulenga said recruitment and retention of qualified teachers was cardinal for the country to achieve quality education. Mulenga said government's failure to recruit more teachers was not intentional, but in order to attain a positive economic environment so that more teachers would be employed.




Racism & xenophobia

Africa/Global: Global racism conference urges blacks to increase economic power

2004-10-07

http://canadaeast.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20041002/CPW/67063034

Delegates at a racism conference urged blacks worldwide to work toward greater economic power, while the gathering faced criticism of a decision to exclude non-blacks from some deliberations. The six-day conference in Suriname is bringing together more than 100 delegates from Africa, Canada, the United States, Latin America, Europe and the Caribbean. The Global African Conference was created during a 2002 meeting in Barbados, billed as a follow-up to the 2001 United Nations anti-racism conference in South Africa.


South Africa: Judge president slams 'racist' colleagues

2004-10-07

http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=15&art_id=vn20041004025357627C362573

Judge President John Hlophe of the Cape High Court has lashed out at the white legal fraternity for what he described as calculated attempts to undermine black judges and stall transformation. Racial tensions have often been expressed within the court, but this is the first time they have bubbled into the public domain. It is widely acknowledged that further transformation of the Cape High Court bench is urgently needed. Norman Arendse SC, chairperson of the General Council of the Bar of SA(GCB), the body that regulates the conduct of all practising advocates, has ordered an investigation into the matter.


Zimbabwe: Ex-Zimbabwe cricket boss to drop race bomb

2004-10-07

http://www.zwnews.com/issuefull.cfm?ArticleID=10286

Vincent Hogg, former chief executive of the Zimbabwe Cricket Union will inform the ICC's investigators this week about several incidents involving black ZCU directors. These were the main reasons he left the job two months ago after two and a half years, he said. "For instance one director told me that whites have no right to be in the country at all, and that was during a formal meeting. Some of the directors were totally out of order in this regard and it was extremely upsetting to have to listen to that sort of racist language."




Environment

FAO intensifies locust campaign in West Africa

2004-10-07

http://www.reliefweb.int/w/rwb.nsf/UNID/C71064A5E4AB50CBC1256F200033DA06

Desert locust control operations have been expanded in West Africa, but countries are still facing serious shortages of pesticides and aircraft, FAO said today. Donor funding has significantly increased since Director-General Dr Jacques Diouf called on donors two weeks ago to respond urgently to FAO's appeal. FAO has now $14.7 million in cash, with a further $40 million of pledged contributions. Around $12 million have been promised by donors but are awaiting confirmation. The UN agency is providing around $6 million from its own resources.


Malawi: Cash crop estates versus smallholder food producers

2004-10-07

http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=43515&SelectRegion=Southern_Africa&SelectCountry=MALAWI

Malawi is losing 2.8 percent of its forest cover every year and has the highest deforestation rate in the Southern African Development Community. "Forest resources are under enormous pressure from expansion of agricultural activities, because of an increase in the population. Many people cultivate in government-protected forests because they say they do not have land," John Ngalande, deputy Director of the forestry department, told IRIN.


Uganda: Experts focus on economic impact of organic farming

2004-10-07

http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=43525&SelectRegion=East_Africa&SelectCountry=UGANDA

Over 200 global coffee-industry experts started a three-day international conference on organic coffee production, saying it was the way to go in order to improve incomes of farmers who had been affected by a slump in international coffee prices. The conference's theme was 'Fair trade in quality coffee' and stressed the notion that the ultimate individuals to benefit from organic coffee production will be the smallholder farmer.


West Africa: FAO eclipses regional locust control body, but comes in for criticism

2004-10-07

http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=43516&SelectRegion=West_Africa&SelectCountry=WEST_AFRICA

The UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has led international efforts to fight locusts across Africa and the Middle East for over 50 years, acting as a link between donors and the affected countries. But this time around, as the insects demolish crops across a wide swathe of West Africa, there have been problems. Donors ranging from the United States to the European Union have privately criticised the FAO for doing too little too late to tackle the current crisis and have accused the organisation of not being properly geared up to deal with it.




Land & land rights

Zimbabwe: Police confirm eviction of Zimbabwe settlers

2004-10-07

http://www.zwnews.com/issuefull.cfm?ArticleID=10280

For the last three weeks, Zimbabwean authorities have raided scores of farms in once-productive white commercial farming areas, evicting settlers and burning down their homes. The settlers are said to have invaded the land under President Robert Mugabe's land grab scheme in 2000. The mass evictions are seen as a dramatic reversal of the government's land reform policy, denounced internationally as violent, illegal and chaotic.




Media & freedom of expression

Central African Republic: RSF hails publishers' "day without newspapers"

2004-10-07

http://www.ifex.org/en/content/view/full/61710/?PHPSESSID=b7a616752734785466c16be5f6203494

Reporters without Borders (RSF) has hailed a 30 September 2004 announcement by the Central African Republic Association of Private and Independent Newspaper Publishers (Groupement des éditeurs de la presse privée indépendante de Centrafrique, GEPPIC) saying it will no longer publish newspapers on Fridays, beginning 1 October, until President François Bozizé's government keeps a promise to decriminalise press offences.


Ethiopia: IFEX members raise concerns over press law

2004-10-07

http://www.ifex.org/en/content/view/full/60335/

At a meeting called by the Ministry of Information on 28 September 2004 in Addis Ababa, the International Press Institute, the World Press Freedom Committee, Article 19 and the Media Institute of Southern Africa voiced concerns that provisions in the draft press law posed a threat to press freedom. The Ethiopian government has said that it would be willing to consider the idea of a voluntary, self-regulating press council instead of a state-run body, and to ensure that provisions on the protection of journalists' sources would meet international standards.


Guinea: Security minister seizes weekly's entire print run

2004-10-07

http://www.ifex.org/en/content/view/full/61686/

Guinean Security Minister Moussa Sampil has confiscated all 950 copies of the weekly "Le Petit matin" on 23 September 2004 because of an article ridiculing his "mistakes", and then trying to justify the seizure by falsely claiming the newspaper was illegal. Reporters Without Borders (RSF) added, "We call for 'Le Petit matin' to be allowed to resume publishing normally and for it to be compensated for the financial losses resulting from the seizure of the 23 September issue."


Ivory Coast: Journalist missing in rebel zone for more than a month

2004-10-07

http://www.ifex.org/en/content/view/full/61708/?PHPSESSID=740d0be30d1dc1d0604f8c75e2d4ef1e

The Committee to Protect Journalists is deeply concerned by reports that a correspondent for the private daily L'Inter has gone missing from the rebel-held town of Bouake after receiving threats from rebels. Before disappearing on August 28th, Amadou Dagnogo told his editor he received threats from rebels loyal to Guillaume Soro, leader of the Forces Nouvelles (FN) that control Bouake. Dagnogo wrote articles about a split in the rebel movement and alleged atrocities by Soro's men.


Nigeria: Condom Advert Banned

2004-10-07

http://allafrica.com/stories/200410010645.html

Determined to ensure compliance with the Sharia practice in Bauchi, the stat Sharia Consultative Council has placed an embargo on condom advertisements on the state-owned electronic media, saying such adverts promote and encourage immorality, and expose youth to unwholesome acts. The Council also urged the government to ban "immoral films" aired on the government-owned television station, arguing that such films apart from promoting promiscuity were against the tenets of the Sharia Legal System being operated in the state.


Uganda: Fine for Ugandan radio gay show

2004-10-07

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/3712266.stm

A radio station in Uganda has been forced to pay a fine for hosting homosexuals in a live talk show. The Ugandan Broadcasting Council fined Radio Simba over $1,000 and ordered it to make a public apology. The programme is "contrary to public morality and is not in compliance with the existing law," the council's chairman, Godfrey Mutabazi, said. Information Minister Nsaba Buturo defended the measure saying Ugandans wanted to uphold "God's moral values". Homosexuality is illegal in Uganda.




Social welfare

Burundi: Housing efforts "a drop in the ocean"

2004-10-07

http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=43505&SelectRegion=Great_Lakes&SelectCountry=BURUNDI

As Burundians struggle to rebuild their war-torn nation, many have been invoking a local proverb: It is easy to light a fire and difficult to extinguish it. Currently, about 1.2 million people lack basic shelter. They are refugees, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and single mothers whose husbands were killed during the war and who have been left to care for their children. Almost 250,000 new homes are urgently needed. So far, almost none of those homes have been built.


Malawi: Norway releases balance of payments aid

2004-10-07

http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=43532&SelectRegion=Southern_Africa&SelectCountry=MALAWI

Donors have started rewarding President Bingu wa Mutharika's efforts to tackle corruption and restore fiscal discipline in Malawi. he World Bank recently announced it had disbursed US $25 million to Malawi in support of the country's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), and this week Norway said it was releasing Norwegian Kroner 20 million (about US $3 million) in balance of payments support to Malawi.


Mozambique: Few Mozambican households have enough food report

2004-10-07

http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=43508

More than half the number of Mozambicans interviewed in a recent poverty survey said they had been unable to meet household food needs in the last 12 months, and many did not have access to sufficient water. About 8,000 Mozambicans in 102 of the 146 rural and urban districts of Mozambique participated in the research conducted by a group of civil society organisations called G20, as part of its contribution to the "poverty observatory".


South Africa: Over 300, 000 jobs created since summit

2004-10-07

http://www.busrep.co.za/index.php?fArticleId=2250019&fSectionId=561&nld=2004-10-06&f=d&t=html

According to Herbert Mkhize, Nedlac's executive director, a total of 332, 000 jobs were created in the six months between September 2003 and March 2004, after the growth and development summit (GDS). A further analysis will provide information about the status of GDS themes of "more jobs, better jobs, investment promotion, skills development, promotion of equity and boosting local action".




News from the diaspora

Africa battles to keep doctors, nurses

2004-10-07

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/ArticleNews/TPStory/LAC/20040928/POACHING28/TPHealth/

Dr. Varela, 28, graduated from medical school two years ago. Of the 25 members of his class, he is one of only three working in Malawi's desperate public-health system as the rest have either already left for foreign posts, or on their way abroad. African governments have been complaining for years about the "poaching" of their doctors and nurses, who are lured abroad to better-paying jobs in less crowded hospitals, and the issue has become a topic of serious debate in the health-care field.


Development-EU: Migration Not a Separate Matter

2004-10-07

http://allafrica.com/stories/200409290739.html

Former UN official Prof Bimar Ghosh, director of the New International Regime for Orderly Movements of People (Niromp), an international consultant on trade, migration and development says better policy coherence between migration and trade, aid and foreign investment would solve a paradox. Ghosh called for "regulated openness" of EU borders and for shared responsibility in sending and receiving migrants. Assistance to countries of origin of (labour) migrants would help decrease disorderly migration, and lead to a win-win situation for both South and North, he said.


Ghana to host Pan Africa committee conference

2004-10-07

http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/NewsArchive/artikel.php?ID=66916

The "Pan-African in the 21st century" Conference aims at bringing African Americans from the Diaspora to push the objectives of Pan-Africanism forward, and will be held in Accra from September 30 to October 3. It will develop workable programme of action that addresses the need of Africans through out the world in nation-building and international reparation issues and Business economic development for the Africa continent.


Turks and Caicos Islands: Looking for lost ancestors

2004-10-07

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/from_our_own_correspondent/3707288.stm

In 1841, the slave ship Trouvadore was lost on a coral reef in the Turks and Caicos Islands, 500 miles south-east of Miami. The slaves, who were bound for Cuba, survived and settled in the British colony, founding Bambarra, a village with an African name. Tim Ecott joined in an expedition which may allow modern-day islanders to trace their heritage back to West Africa. Like most people descended from slaves, the "Belongers" know little of their true history.




Conflict & emergencies

*Sierra Leone Truth Commission Final Report Released

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/conflict/25024

The Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission has just published its report. The report concludes that "it was years of bad governance, endemic corruption and the denial of basic human rights that created the deplorable conditions that made conflict inevitable." Sierra Leone saw some of the most horrific and cruel atrocities committed by people against each other. "The overwhelming majority of atrocities were committed by Sierra Leoneans against Sierra Leoneans. All the fighting factions targeted civilians. Women and girls became targets for abuse in the brutal conflict in Sierra Leone. They suffered abductions and exploitation at the hands of their abductions. Their ulnerability was exploited in order to dehumanize them. Women and girls were raped, forced into sexual slavery and endured acts of sexual violence. Many suffered mutilations, torture and a host of other cruel and inhumane acts. The Commission found the leadership of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC), the Sierra Leone Army (SLA) and the Civil Defense Forces (CDF) to be responsible for either authorising or instigating human rights violations against civilians; alternatively for failing to stop such practices or to speak out against them. Sierra Leone was systematically plundered and looted by all factions in the conflict. The Commission found the RUF to have been responsible for the largest number of human rights violations in the conflict." The report claims that the war was only partly to do with diamonds, which fuelled rather than caused the crisis. The report highlights the role of external parties in intensifying the conflict and "laments the fact that the international community, apart from the ECOWAS states, declined to intervene in the unfolding human catastrophe in Sierra Leone until at a very late stage." It recommendations include calling upon leaders to to respect human rights, the abolition of the death penalty, upholding freedom of expression, etc. On reparations, the commission proposes "a programme to address and respond to the specific needs of victims, rather than recommending cash handouts." The overview of the Commission's report can be found at the link below. The full report is due to be made available, we understand at http://www.ictj.org/


Africa: Officials discuss strategy to control small arms

2004-10-07

http://www.reliefweb.int/w/rwb.nsf/UNID/F1C1911967CD6AA385256F23006B0242

Some 100 officials from 39 African countries started a five-day meeting in the Ugandan capital, Kampala, on Monday to discuss the threat that small arms pose to human security and development across the continent. "Africa has been ravaged by many conflicts. Most of these conflicts were fought primarily using small arms and light weapons that pose one of the greatest challenge of our time," Ugandan Interior Minister Ruhakana Rugunda said in a speech he read on behalf of President Yoweri Museveni.


DRC: Security in east improves as UN mission cleared for more troops

2004-10-07

http://www.irinnews.org/report.asp?ReportID=43523&SelectRegion=Great_Lakes&SelectCountry=DRC

Armed with an expanded mandate and an increase in troop strength, the UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) may now be better placed to capitalise on the slight improvement in the security situation in the east of the country. Although UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan only received UN Security Council authorisation to raise the troop strength by 5,900 from 10,800, he said the newly approved troop ceiling of 16,700 would "contribute to improving the mission's operational capabilities, which are severely under resourced".


Sudan: Darfur: A tale of death...and destruction

2004-10-07

http://www.monitor.co.ug/socpol/socpol10011.php

Just over two weeks ago, The Daily Nation's reporter Peter Kimani and photographer Stephen Mudiari were among the first team of African journalists to travel to Darfur. In these five part series, reported jointly for all Nation Media Group newspapers in Kenya (Daily Nation), Tanzania (The Citizen) and Uganda (The Monitor), they get close to the survivors of Darfur and tell the human story of the tragedy. They begin with the story about getting to, and then out of, Darfur.


Sudan: Sudan conflict could widen into regional, even global, confrontation

2004-10-07

http://www.reliefweb.int/w/rwb.nsf/UNID/07CFABEEB20406D685256F240065137A

The Secretary-General's Special Representative has warned that the conflict in the Sudan, if not properly addressed, could create the conditions for a widening regional, if not global, confrontation. He also stressed the need to prevent the conflicts from turning into a general antagonism between people with different religions or different ethnic backgrounds. Once the struggles in the Sudan were perceived as a clash between cultures - Arabs against Africans, Sudan versus the West, Islam versus the rest - they became unmanageable and spread to other places.


Uganda: Children, war and peace

2004-10-07

http://www.africafocus.org/docs04/ugan0409.php

Optimism about prospects for peace in northern Uganda is growing. Recent news reports cite increased desertions from the rebel Lord's Resistance Army and some reduction in the number of displaced people. A new report from World Vision Uganda highlights the continuing obstacles to peace and the enormous damage done to children and to society at large from this 18-year war that has received very little attention from the international community. For the full text of the report, entitled "Pawns of Politics: Children, Conflict and Peace in Northern Uganda", visit: http://www.worldvision.ca/home/media/PawnsOfPolitics.pdf




Internet & technology

Africa: ICT Update October 2004: GenARDIS award-winning projects

2004-10-07

http://ictupdate.cta.int/

The technical centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU (CTA) has published its ICT Update October Issue which includes GenARDIS award-winning projects. Some of these include: an NGO in Ghana which is using video equipment to enable women to devise community plans for natural resource management; computer training to women civil servants in rural areas of Benin and how a database system, an online input calculator, and email are helping women farmers in Malawi to improve agricultural production.


Global: Action needed on gender empowerment in the ICT arena

2004-10-07

http://www.eldis.org/cf/search/disp/DocDisplay.cfm?Doc=DOC15653&Resource=f1ict

Dramatic changes brought about by ICTs have created new economic and social opportunities the world over. Their use, however, continues to be governed by existing power relations. Amidst this inequality are individuals and organisations that are working tirelessly to use these technologies to further gender equality and social justice. The report argues that far-reaching changes towards gender equality and women’s empowerment in the ICT arena are needed at every level ( international, national and programme). Engendering ICTs is not merely about greater use of ICTs by women. It is about transforming the ICT system.


Nigeria: Local Satellite TV/Internet Service Coy Debuts With a Promise

2004-10-07

http://allafrica.com/stories/200410060332.html

With the brand name TITV, African Trumpet Telecommunications Limited (ATTL), will through the use of satellite technology bring to Nigerians world-class television programming that resonates with its African target as well as Internet services through the same channel. At the media presentation of the company last week, Managing Director, Nathan Garner, said the company was established to help West Africans in large numbers unto the Information Technology age, stressing that the company would live up to the promise by offering its services at affordable prices.




eNewsletters & mailing lists

Africa/Global: African Colours, online resource for contemporary art

2004-10-07

http://www.africancolours.net/

African Colours, online since July 2000, is a portal for Contemporary Art, as well as a dynamic force to link artists from different parts of the world so that they can share their ideas and culture and achieve a common goal. To make a contribution, you can send your news and editorials to [email protected] To subscribe to their mailing list and receive African Colours Updates, please send an email to [email protected]


Africa/Global: Global Development Network funding opportunities

2004-10-07

http://www.gdnet.org/online_services/funding_opportunities/funding_newsletter/index.html

Current funding opportunities relevant to researchers and research institutes working on development issues in low and middle income countries are available through the Global Development Network at:
http://www.gdnet.org/online_services/funding_opportunities/funding_news/
To find out more about how to receive this newsletter, clink on the below link.




Fundraising & useful resources

Africa: PANOS-GKP Journalism awards 2004: ICTs and accountability

2004-10-07

http://www.thusanang.org.za/index.php?option=news&task=viewarticle&sid=756

Deadline: 15 October 2004

"Transparency, good governance and democracy: Do ICTs increase accountability?" is the theme of this year’s prize. Four awards of $1,000 each will be made for the best journalism on this topic produced by journalists in developing and transition countries. Print, radio, TV and web journalism are all eligible.


Africa:Radio Netherland Training Centre (RNTC): Call for proposals

2004-10-07

http://www.thusanang.org.za/index.php?option=news&task=viewarticle&sid=754

Deadline:1 November 2004

Radio Nederland Training Centre (RNTC) supports and encourages the effective use of media for development and education by promoting professionalisation through training and consultancy for people working in, for or with media in developing countries. RNTC is calling for proposals from radio and television programme-makers and internet producers in developing countries.


Comic Relief condemned over Burma link

2004-10-07

http://society.guardian.co.uk/charitymanagement/story/0,8150,1319580,00.html

One of Britain's best-known charities was today condemned for entering into a partnership with a firm linked to the military dictatorship in Burma. Human rights organisation the Burma Campaign UK slammed Comic Relief, the charity behind Red Nose Day, after it emerged the charity would be working on the event with delivery company DHL, which is in a joint venture with the Burmese government.


Global: OneWorld/Staying Alive World AIDS Day 2004 Competition

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/fundraising/25014

If you're aged between 15 and 34 - and feel that you have any thing to say about the impact of HIV/AIDS on women and girls using a microphone or a camera - this is the perfect opportunity to show your potential. The global competition is for young people to submit audio or video public service announcements (PSAs) that convey the messages of MTV's award winning HIV/AIDS awareness campaign, Staying Alive (www.staying-alive.org). Deadline: 11 November, 2004. VIDEO entries go to: http://tv.oneworld.net/tapestry?article=33 AUDIO entries go to: http://aidsradio.oneworld.net/section/aidsradio/wad2004




Courses, seminars, & workshops

Africa/Global: International Conference on Deaf Women and HIV/AIDS in Africa

2004-10-07

http://www.deafafricawomen.edu

Gallaudet University and Howard University will sponsor an international conference on Deaf Women and HIV/AIDS in Africa on June 10-12, 2005 at the Gallaudet University Kellogg Center to increase awareness of the importance of reaching all segments of the African population in the fight against HIV/AIDS. A Call for Proposals has been issued with a deadline of December 10, 2005. Individuals will be notified of their acceptance by February 11, 2005.


Ethiopia: Last call for IFPRI Writing and Presentation of Scientific Research

2004-10-07

mailto:[email protected]

This is the last call for applications for the coming workshop on Writing and Presentation of Scientific Research for IFPRI partners and colleagues. The workshop will be held at the ILRI campus in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 13-17 December 2004. We have very few seats available and the deadline for applications is 30 October. If you are interested in participating but did not manage to raise the necessary funds to cover the workshop fee, please send us a message. If we identified a sponsor we can indicate your name for the scholarship. If you want to receive additional information on this workshop or others, please do not hesitate to contact us.


Global: Women Defending Peace

2004-10-07

http://www.dcaf.ch/wdp/

The international conference Women Defending Peace will be held on 22-24 November 2004 in Geneva, Switzerland. As a follow-up to the Sharm El Sheikh conference Women for Peace, Dialogue for Action’ held on 21-22 September 2002, the 2004 conference will bring together a prominent group of women and men who have dedicated much of their work to enhancing peace.


South Africa: Seminar: Globalisation and democracy

2004-10-07

http://www.thusanang.org.za/index.php?option=news&task=viewarticle&sid=758

Date: 16 October 2004

A seminar, "Helsinki Process on Globalisation and Democracy Millennium Development Goals and the Financing Gap," will take place at the Sheraton Hotel, Pretoria in South Africa on Saturday, 16 October 2004 from 9h30-16h30. The Helsinki Process on Globalisation and Democracy, launched by the Finnish Government in cooperation with the Tanzanian Government, aims to launch proactive efforts to develop new strategic solutions to the dilemmas of global governance by bringing together individuals from all major stakeholder groups. One of the main goals for the Helsinki Process and the work of the Track on the Global Economic Agenda is to ensure that the Millennium Development Goals will stay at the core of multilateral processes and decision-making.


South Africa: South Africans celebrate World Development Information Day with special event

2004-10-07

http://pambazuka.net/en/category/courses/25028

To celebrate World Development Information Day this year, the Southern African NGO Network (SANGONeT), is hosting a special one-day event on Thursday, 21 October 2004 to highlight the role and significance of information and communication in the South African NGO sector and to profile the work of the sector and specific initiatives aimed at improving its information and communication capacity. For more information please contact Martha Thibedi or Refilwe Rakhibane at SANGONeT by 18 October 2004.


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